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Mesure de la position du pic d'oscillations acoustiques baryoniques dans les forêts Lyα et Lyβ des spectres des quasars du relevé eBOSS-SDSS IV

Abstract : The propagation of the baryonic acoustic oscillations has been unprinted in the matter distribution in the Universe as a probability excess for two objets to be separated by the acoustic scale. Measuring the acoustic scale in the matter 2 point correlation function at redshift z, along and transversally to the line-of-sight, gives access to the DH(z)/rd et DM(z)/rd ratios, with DH the Hubble distance, DM the comoving angular distance and rd the acoustic horizon. We are able to trace the matter in the Universe by using the Lyman-alpha absorptions which shape the spectra of the high redshift quasars. Since each spectrum contain hundreds of absorption, this allow us to measure the acoustic scale even if the observed quasar density is low. In this thesis, I describe the analysis of about 200,000 spectra from the eBOSS-SDSS IV survey which conducts to the measurements DH(2.34)/rd = 8.86 0.29 et DM(2.34)/rd = 37.41 1.86. By combining these results with measurements of the acoustic scale at other redshifts, I obtain the strongest current constraints at low redshift on the Omega-m and Omega-Lambda Lambda-CDM parameters.
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Victoria De Sainte Agathe. Mesure de la position du pic d'oscillations acoustiques baryoniques dans les forêts Lyα et Lyβ des spectres des quasars du relevé eBOSS-SDSS IV. Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique [astro-ph.CO]. Sorbonne Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SORUS373⟩. ⟨tel-03008641⟩

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