Abstract : Electric fish sense the perturbations of a self generated electric field through their electro- receptive skin. This sense allows them to navigate and reconstruct their environment in conditions where vision and sonar cannot work. In this article, we use a sensor inspired by this sense to address the problem of locating and reconstructing small objects (electrolocation) and navigating in a tank. Based on a Kalman filter, any small object in the surroundings of the motion controlled sensor can be modeled as an equivalent sphere whose location is well estimated by the filter. As a first application to the problem of navigation, the filter is included into a closed feedback loop in order to achieve wall following in a tank. Our experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of this approach.