Multidétecteur 4$\pi$ INDRA - étude et réalisation d'un codeur de charge

Abstract : INDRA is a 4π detector for charged particles and fragments, recently installed at GANIL in CAEN. It allows a large space coverage, low detection thresholds and a great dynamic range (> 1000). It is composed of more than 600 detectors (Ionisation chambers, Silicon, Caesium iodide scintillators...). All these characteristics has led to fulfill a brand new acquisition chain able to treat, in the best conditions, the available information stream. This thesis is dedicated to the conception of a new charge converter able to integrate, to digitize and to store in memory the analog pulses coming from silicon detectors and ionization chambers of INDRA. An electronic design, made with the usual CAMAC standard used in nuclear physic, would have led to a very important number of modules and interconnections that could have not allowed to reach the desired performances. For these reasons the VXI, a VME standard extension, has been chosen. The usual amplitude converting method, sensible to input pulse shape has been abandoned in favor of a charge conversion. The converter has 32 analog inputs equivalent, with the help of a double gain procedure, to 16 bit precision for the smaller energies. An asynchronous triggering has been imagined, permitting a more flexible and less expensive use for the electronic modules. The design electronic module consists first for the working principles and adapted components choice. Secondly, some simulations and the realization of a prototypes have been necessary to validate them, before a final decision can be reached. Past the rush design period, some improvements are suggested in the light of the recent experience acquired after the first experiments.
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A. Bertaut. Multidétecteur 4$\pi$ INDRA - étude et réalisation d'un codeur de charge. Instrumentations et Détecteurs [physics.ins-det]. Université de Caen, 1993. Français. ⟨in2p3-00010201⟩

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