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Neutrino mean free path and in-medium nuclear interaction

Abstract : Neutrinos produced during the collapse of a massive star are trapped in a nuclear medium (the proto-neutron star). Typically, neutrino energies (10–100 MeV) are of the order of nuclear giant resonances energies. Hence, neutrino propagation is modified by the possibility of coherent scattering on nucleons. We have compared the predictions of different nuclear interaction models. It turns out that their main discrepancies are related to the density dependence of the k-effective mass as well as to the onset of instabilities as density increases. This last point had led us to a systematic study of instabilities of infinite matter with effective Skyrme-type interactions. We have shown that for such interactions there is always a critical density, above which the system becomes unstable.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 24, 2006 - 2:21:44 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 4:02:29 PM

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J. Margueron, J. Navarro, Nguyen van Giai. Neutrino mean free path and in-medium nuclear interaction. 17th International Nuclear Physics Divisional Conference of the European Physical Society (NPDC 17), Sep 2002, Debrecen, Hungary. pp.169c-172c, ⟨10.1016/S0375-9474(03)00987-4⟩. ⟨in2p3-00012757⟩

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