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Neutron-proton bremsstrahlung experiments

Abstract : It is well known that charged particles emit bremsstrahlung radiation when they are accelerated. Classical electron bremsstrahlung occurs when a proton is emitted by an electron accelerated in the field of a nucleus. The bremsstrahlung process also occurs in the scattering of nucleons, for which it is the lowest energy inelastic process that can occur. Like electron bremsstrahlung, nucleon-nucleon bremsstrahlung also requires the exchange of a virtual particle to conserve energy and momentum. In electron bremsstrahlung a virtual photon is exchanged but with two nucleons a meson can be exchanged. Unlike electron bremsstrahlung, in nucleon-nucleon bremsstrahlung the photon can originate from the exchanged meson. This exchange contribution has been shown in calculations to be a significant fraction of bremsstrahlung events. Thus bremsstrahlung serves as a probe of exchange currents in the nucleon-nucleon interaction. Because of a lack of a free neutron target or an intense neutron beam, few measurements of neutron-proton bremsstrahlung exist, each having poor statistical accuracy and poor energy resolution. The white neutron source at the Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) target area at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) produces neutrons with energies from below 50 to above 400 MeV. Using time-of-flight techniques and a liquid hydrogen target, we are measuring the outgoing photons of energies up to 250 MeV at gamma ray angles of around 90° relative to the incident beam. Protons scattered at very forward angles are also detected in coincidence with the gamma rays.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 27, 1999 - 3:43:59 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 12:58:38 PM

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J.E. Koster, R.O. Nelson, M.E. Schillaci, S.A. Wender, D. Mayo, et al.. Neutron-proton bremsstrahlung experiments. 12th International Conference on the Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry, Nov 1992, Denton, Texas, United States. pp.297-299, ⟨10.1016/0168-583X(93)95348-9⟩. ⟨in2p3-00014750⟩

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