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Journal articles

Cosmological parameters estimation in the quintessence paradigm

Abstract : We present cosmological parameter constraints on flat cosmologies dominated by dark energy using various cosmological data including the recent Archeops angular power spectrum measurements. A likelihood analysis of the existing Cosmic Microwave Background data shows that the presence of dark energy is not requested, in the absence of further prior. This comes from the fact that there exist degeneracies among the various cosmological parameters constrained by the Cosmic Microwave Background. We found that there is a degeneracy in a combination of the Hubble parameter H_0 and of the dark energy equation of state parameter w_Q, but that w_Q is not correlated with the primordial index n of scalar fluctuations and the baryon content Omega_b h^2. Preferred primordial index is n = 0.95 \pm 0.05 (68%) and baryon content Omega_b h^2 = 0.021 \pm 0.003. Adding constraint on the amplitude of matter fluctuations on small scales, sigma_8, obtained from clusters abundance or weak lensing data may allow to break the degenaracies, although present-day systematics uncertainties do not allow firm conclusions yet. The further addition of the Hubble Space Telescope measurements of the local distance scale and of the high redshift supernovae data allows to obtain tight constraints. When these constraints are combined together we find that the amount of dark energy is 0.7^{+0.10}_{-0.07} (95% C.L.) and that its equation of state is very close to those of the vacuum: w_Q < -0.75 (> 95% C.L.). In no case do we find that quintessence is prefered over the classical cosmological constant, although robust data on sigma_8 might rapidly bring light on this important issue.
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Contributor : Claudine Bombar Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 11, 2004 - 5:09:23 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 6, 2020 - 3:35:25 AM

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M. Douspis, A. Riazuelo, Y. Zolnierowski, A. Blanchard. Cosmological parameters estimation in the quintessence paradigm. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2003, 405, pp.409-414. ⟨in2p3-00021536⟩



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