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New experimental limits on violations of the Pauli exclusion principle obtained with the Borexino counting test facility

Abstract : The Pauli exclusion principle (PEP) has been tested for nucleons ($n,p$) in $^{12}C$ and $^{16}O$ nuclei, using the results of background measurements with the prototype of the Borexino detector, the Counting Test Facility (CTF). The approach consisted of a search for $\gamma$, $n$, $p$ and/or $\alpha$'s emitted in a non-Paulian transition of 1$P$- shell nucleons to the filled 1$S_{1/2}$ shell in nuclei. Similarly, the Pauli-forbidden $\beta^{\pm}$ decay processes were searched for. Due to the extremely low background and the large mass (4.2 tons) of the CTF detector, the following most stringent up-to-date experimental bounds on PEP violating transitions of nucleons have been established: $\tau(^{12}C\to^{12}\widetilde{C}+\gamma) > 2.1\cdot10^{27}$ y, $\tau(^{12}C\to^{11}\widetilde{B}+ p) > 5.0\cdot10^{26}$ y, $\tau(^{12}C(^{16}O)\to^{11}\widetilde{C}(^{15}\widetilde{O})+ n) > 3.7 \cdot 10^{26}$ y, $\tau(^{12}C\to^{8}\widetilde{Be}+\alpha) > 6.1 \cdot 10^{23}$ y, $\tau(^{12}C\to^{12}\widetilde{N}+ e^- + \widetilde{\nu_e})> 7.6 \cdot 10^{27}$ y and $\tau(^{12}C\to^{12}\widetilde{B}+ e^+ + \nu_e)> 7.7 \cdot 10^{27}$ y, all at 90% C.L.
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http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00022181
Contributor : Simone Lantz Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 31, 2004 - 2:26:20 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:08:06 AM

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H.O. Back, M. Balata, A. de Bari, A. de Bellefon, G. Bellini, et al.. New experimental limits on violations of the Pauli exclusion principle obtained with the Borexino counting test facility. European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2004, 37, pp.421-431. ⟨10.1140/epjc/s2004-01991-1⟩. ⟨in2p3-00022181⟩

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