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nuclear liquid-gas phase transition : experimental signals

Abstract : The connection between the thermodynamics of charged finite nuclear systems and the asymptotically measured partitions in heavy ion collisions is discussed. Different independent signals compatible with a liquid-to-gas-like phase transition are reported. In particular abnormally large fluctuations in the measured observables are presented as a strong evidence of a first order phase transition with negative heat capacity.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 22, 2005 - 2:41:40 PM
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M. d'Agostino, M. Bruno, F. Gulminelli, F. Cannata, Ph. Chomaz, et al.. nuclear liquid-gas phase transition : experimental signals. 18th Nuclear Physics Division Conference of the EPS Phase transitions in strongly interacting matter, Aug 2004, Prague, Czech Republic. pp.55c-64c, ⟨10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2004.12.008⟩. ⟨in2p3-00023844⟩



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