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Spectra of High-Redshift Type Ia Supernovae and a Comparison with their Low-Redshift Counterparts

Abstract : We present spectra for 14 high-redshift (0.17 < z < 0.83) supernovae, which were discovered by the Supernova Cosmology Project as part of a campaign to measure cosmological parameters. The spectra are used to determine the redshift and classify the supernova type, essential information if the supernovae are to be used for cosmological studies. Redshifts were derived either from the spectrum of the host galaxy or from the spectrum of the supernova itself. We present evidence that these supernovae are of Type Ia by matching to spectra of nearby supernovae. We find that the dates of the spectra relative to maximum light determined from this fitting process are consistent with the dates determined from the photometric light curves, and moreover the spectral time-sequence for SNe Type Ia at low and high redshift is indistinguishable. We also show that the expansion velocities measured from blueshifted CaHK are consistent with those measured for low-redshift Type Ia supernovae. From these first-level quantitative comparisons we find no evidence for evolution in SNIa properties between these low- and high-redshift samples. Thus even though our samples may not be complete, we conclude that there is a population of SNe Ia at high redshift whose spectral properties match those at low redshift.
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Contributor : Dominique Girod <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 4, 2006 - 4:53:52 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 11, 2020 - 1:52:36 AM

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I. M. Hook, D. A. Howell, G. Aldering, R. Amanullah, M. S. Burns, et al.. Spectra of High-Redshift Type Ia Supernovae and a Comparison with their Low-Redshift Counterparts. Astronomical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2005, 130, pp.2788-2803. ⟨in2p3-00025299⟩



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