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Kinemetry: a generalisation of photometry to the higher moments of the line-of-sight velocity distribution

Abstract : We present a generalisation of surface photometry to the higher-order moments of the line-of-sight velocity distribution of galaxies observed with integral-field spectrographs. The generalisation follows the approach of surface photometry by determining the best fitting ellipses along which the profiles of the moments can be extracted and analysed by means of harmonic expansion. The assumption for the odd moments (e.g. mean velocity) is that the profile along an ellipse satisfies a simple cosine law. The assumption for the even moments (e.g velocity dispersion) is that the profile is constant, as it is used in surface photometry. We find that velocity profiles extracted along ellipses of early-type galaxies are well represented by the simple cosine law (with 2% accuracy), while possible deviations are carried in the fifth harmonic term which is sensitive to the existence of multiple kinematic components, and has some analogy to the shape parameter of photometry. We compare the properties of the kinematic and photometric ellipses and find that they are often very similar. Finally, we offer a characterisation of the main velocity structures based only on the kinemetric parameters which can be used to quantify the features in velocity maps (abridged).
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Contributor : Sylvie Flores <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 12, 2006 - 9:52:42 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 2:37:57 AM

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D. Krajnovic, M. Cappellari, P. Tim de Zeeuw, Y. Copin. Kinemetry: a generalisation of photometry to the higher moments of the line-of-sight velocity distribution. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2006, 366, pp.787-802. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.09902.x⟩. ⟨in2p3-00025369⟩



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