# Characterization studies of prototype ISOL targets for the RIA

Abstract : Targets employing refractory compounds are being developed for the rare isotope accelerator (RIA) facility to produce ion species far from stability. With the 100 kW beams proposed for the production targets, dissipation of heat becomes a challenging issue. In our two-step target design, neutrons are generated in a refractory primary target, inducing fission in the surrounding uranium carbide. The interplay of density, grain size, thermal conductivity and diffusion properties of the U$C_2$ needs to be well understood before fabrication. Thin samples of uranium carbide were prepared for thermal conductivity measurements using an electron beam to heat the sample and an optical pyrometer to observe the thermal radiation. Release efficiencies and independent thermal analysis on these samples are being undertaken at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). An alternate target concept for RIA, the tilted slab approach promises to be simple with fast ion release and capable of withstanding high beam intensities while providing considerable yields via spallation. A proposed small business innovative research (SBIR) project will design a prototype tilted target, exploring the materials needed for fabrication and testing at an irradiation facility to address issues of heat transfer and stresses within the target.
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Conference papers

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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 1, 2006 - 4:21:51 PM
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### Citation

J.P. Greene, T. Burtseva, J. Neubauer, J.A. Nolen, A.C.C. Villari, et al.. Characterization studies of prototype ISOL targets for the RIA. Eighteenth International Conference on the Applications of Accelerators in Research and Industry (CAARI 2004), Oct 2004, Fort Worth, United States. pp.986-990, ⟨10.1016/j.nimb.2005.07.182⟩. ⟨in2p3-00025707⟩

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