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Real-time tracking of time-varying velocity using a self-mixing laser diode

Abstract : A new method is proposed for estimating the time-varying velocity of a moving target with a low-cost laser sensor using optical feedback interferometry. A new algorithm is proposed to track velocity variations from real-time analysis of the output signal of a self-mixing laser diode. This signal is strongly corrupted by a multiplicative noise caused by the speckle effect, which occurs very often with noncooperative targets used in many industrial applications. The proposed signal processing method is based on a second order adaptive linear predictor filter, which enables us to track the digital instantaneous Doppler frequency, which is proportional to the velocity. A model of the laser diode output signal is proposed, and it is shown that the sensor and its associated algorithm have a global first-order lowpass transfer function with a cutoff frequency expressed as a function of the speckle perturbations, the signal to noise ratio and the mean Doppler frequency. Numerical as well as experimental results illustrate the properties of this sensor.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 31, 2006 - 11:44:18 AM
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G. Plantier, Noël Servagent, T. Bosch, A. Sourice. Real-time tracking of time-varying velocity using a self-mixing laser diode. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2004, 53, pp.109-115. ⟨10.1109/TIM.2003.821488⟩. ⟨in2p3-00025875⟩



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