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Stochastic mean-field dynamics for fermions in the weak-coupling limit

Abstract : Assuming that the effect of the residual interaction beyond mean-field is weak and has a short memory time, two approximate treatments of correlation in fermionic systems by means of Markovian quantum jump are presented. A simplified scenario for the introduction of fluctuations beyond mean-field is first presented. In this theory, part of the quantum correlations between the residual interaction and the one-body density matrix are neglected and jumps occur between many-body densities formed of pairs of states D = |${PHI}$$_{a}$><${PHI}$$_{b}$|/<${PHI}$$_{b}$|${PHI}$$_{a}$>, where |${PHI}$$_{a}$> and |${PHI}$$_{b}$> rae antisymmetrized products of single-particle states. The underlying Stochastic Mean-Field (SMF) theory is discussed and applied to the monopole vibration of a spherical $^{40}$Ca nucleus under the influence of a statistical ensemble of two-body contact interaction. This framework is however too simplistic to account for both fluctuation and dissipation. In the second part of this work, an alternative quantum jump method is obtained without making the approximation on quantum correlations. Restricting to two particles-two holes residual interaction, the evolution of the one-body density matrix of a correlated system is transformed into a Lindblad equation. The associated dissipative dynamics can be simulated by quantum jumps between densities written as D = |${PHI}$><${PHI}$|, where |${PHI}$> is a normalized Slater determinant. The associated stochastic Schroedinger equation for single-particle wave-functions is given.
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http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00070869
Contributor : Sandrine Guesnon <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 22, 2006 - 10:40:48 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 1, 2020 - 3:02:02 PM

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David Lacroix. Stochastic mean-field dynamics for fermions in the weak-coupling limit. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2006, 73, pp.044311. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.73.044311⟩. ⟨in2p3-00070869⟩

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