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PIXSCAN: Pixel detector CT-scanner for small animal imaging

Abstract : The PIXSCAN is a small animal CT-scanner based on hybrid pixel detectors. These detectors provide very large dynamic range of photons counting at very low detector noise. They also provide high counting rates with fast image readout. Detection efficiency can be optimized by selecting the sensor medium according to the working energy range. Indeed, the use of CdTe allows a detection efficiency of 100% up to 50 keV. Altogether these characteristics are expected to improve the contrast of the CT-scanner, especially for soft tissues, and to reduce both the scan duration and the absorbed dose. A proof of principle has been performed by assembling into a PIXSCAN-XPAD2 prototype the photon counting pixel detector initially built for detection of X-ray synchrotron radiations. Despite the relatively large pixel size of this detector (330×330 $\mu$m$^2$), we can present three-dimensional tomographic reconstruction of mice at good contrast and spatial resolution. A new photon counting chip (XPAD3) is designed in sub-micronique technology to achieve 130×130 $\mu$m$^2$ pixels. This improved circuit has been equipped with an energy selection circuit to act as a band-pass emission filter. Furthermore, the PIXSCAN-XPAD3 hybrid pixel detectors will be combined with the Lausanne ClearPET scanner demonstrator. CT image reconstruction in this non-conventional geometry is under study for this purpose.
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Contributor : Dominique Girod <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 17, 2006 - 9:51:41 AM
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P. Delpierre, F. Debarbieux, S. Basolo, Jean-François Berar, A. Bonissent, et al.. PIXSCAN: Pixel detector CT-scanner for small animal imaging. 1st International Conference on Molecular Imaging Technology - EuroMedIm 2006, May 2006, Marseille, France. pp.425-428, ⟨10.1016/j.nima.2006.10.126⟩. ⟨in2p3-00114580⟩



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