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From the Mendeleev periodic table to particle physics and back to the periodic table

Abstract : We briefly describe in this paper the passage from Mendeleev's chemistry (1869) to atomic physics (in the 1900's), nuclear physics (in the 1932's) and particle physics (from 1953 to 2006). We show how the consideration of symmetries, largely used in physics since the end of the 1920's, gave rise to a new format of the periodic table in the 1970's. More specifically, this paper is concerned with the application of the group SO(4,2)xSU(2) to the periodic table of chemical elements. It is shown how the Madelung rule of the atomic shell model can be used for setting up a periodic table that can be further rationalized via the group SO(4,2)xSU(2) and some of its subgroups. Qualitative results are obtained from this nonstandard table.
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http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00117015
Contributor : Maurice Robert Kibler <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 12, 2007 - 10:36:42 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 26, 2020 - 4:42:33 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 21, 2010 - 2:43:00 PM

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M.R. Kibler. From the Mendeleev periodic table to particle physics and back to the periodic table. Foundations of Chemistry, Springer Verlag, 2007, 9, pp.221-234. ⟨10.1007/s10698-007-9039-9⟩. ⟨in2p3-00117015v2⟩

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