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Primary particle acceleration above 100 TeV in the shell-type Supernova Remnant RX J1713.7-3946 with deep H.E.S.S. observations

F. Aharonian A.G. Akhperjanian A.R. Bazer-Bachi 1 M. Beilicke W. Benbow D. Berge K. Bernlöhr C. Boisson 2 O. Bolz V. Borrel 1 I. Braun E. Brion 3 A.M. Brown R. Bühler I. Büsching S. Carrigan P.M. Chadwick L.-M. Chounet 4 G. Coignet 5 R. Cornils L. Costamante B. Degrange 4 H.J. Dickinson A. Djannati-Ataï 6 L.O'C. Drury G. Dubus 4 K. Egberts D. Emmanoulopoulos P. Espigat 7 F. Feinstein 8 E. Ferrero A. Fiasson 8 G. Fontaine 4 Seb. Funk S. Funk M. F¨ußling Y.A. Gallant 8 B. Giebels 4 J.F. Glicenstein 3 B. Glück P. Goret 3 C. Hadjichristidis D. Hauser M. Hauser G. Heinzelmann G. Henri 9 G. Hermann J.A. Hinton A. Hoffmann W. Hofmann M. Holleran S. Hoppe D. Horns A. Jacholkowska 8 O.C. de Jager E. Kendziorra M. Kerschhaggl B. Khélifi 4 Nu. Komin 8 A. Konopelko K. Kosack G. Lamanna 5 I.J. Latham R. Le Gallou A. Lemière 7 M. Lemoine-Goumard 4 T. Lohse J.M. Martin 2 O. Martineau-Huynh 10 A. Marcowith 1 C. Masterson G. Maurin 7 T.J.L. Mccomb Emmanuel Moulin 8 M. de Naurois 10 D. Nedbal S.J. Nolan A. Noutsos J.-P. Olive 1 K.J. Orford J.L. Osborne M. Panter G. Pelletier 9 S. Pita 7 G. Pühlhofer M. Punch 7 S. Ranchon 5 B.C. Raubenheimer M. Raue S.M. Rayner A. Reimer O. Reimer † J. Ripken L. Rob L. Rolland 3 S. Rosier-Lees 5 G. Rowell V. Sahakian A. Santangelo L. Saugé 9 S. Schlenker R. Schlickeiser R. Schröder U. Schwanke S. Schwarzburg S. Schwemmer A. Shalchi H. Sol 2 D. Spangler F. Spanier R. Steenkamp C. Stegmann G. Superina 4 P.H. Tam J.-P. Tavernet 10 R. Terrier 7 M. Tluczykont 4 C. van Eldik G. Vasileiadis 8 C. Venter J.P. Vialle 5 P. Vincent 10 H.J. Völk S.J. Wagner M. Ward
Abstract : We present deep H.E.S.S. observations of the supernova remnant (SNR) RX J1713.7-3946. Combining data of three years - from 2003 to 2005 - we obtain significantly increased statistics and energy coverage as compared to earlier 2003 & 2004 results. The data are analysed separately for the different years. Very good agreement of the gamma-ray morphology and the differential spectra is found when comparing the three years. The combined gamma-ray image of the 2004 and 2005 data reveals the morphology of RX J1713.7-3946 with unprecedented precision. An angular resolution of 0.06 deg is achieved, revealing the detailed structure of the remnant. The combined spectrum of all three years extends over three orders of magnitude, with significant gamma-ray emission approaching 100 TeV. The cumulative significance above 30 TeV is 4.8 sigma, while for energies between 113 and 294 TeV an upper limit on the gamma-ray flux of 1.6 x 10^-16 cm^-2 s^-1 is obtained. The energy coverage of the H.E.S.S. data is presumably at the limit of present generation Cherenkov telescopes. The measurement of significant gamma-ray emission beyond 30 TeV formally implies the existence of primary particles of at least that energy. However, for realistic scenarios of very-high-energy gamma-ray production, the Inverse Compton scattering of very-high-energy electrons and pi^0 decay following inelastic proton-proton interactions, the measured gamma-ray energies imply that efficient acceleration of primary particles to energies exceeding 100 TeV is taking place in the shell of the SNR RX J1713.7-3946.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 21, 2007 - 11:33:58 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 20, 2021 - 3:34:35 AM

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F. Aharonian, A.G. Akhperjanian, A.R. Bazer-Bachi, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, et al.. Primary particle acceleration above 100 TeV in the shell-type Supernova Remnant RX J1713.7-3946 with deep H.E.S.S. observations. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2007, 464, pp.235-243. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361:20066381⟩. ⟨in2p3-00118195⟩

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