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Fluctuations of fragment observables

Abstract : This contribution presents a review of our present theoretical as well as experimental knowledge of different fluctuation observables relevant to nuclear multifragmentation. The possible connection between the presence of a fluctuation peak and the occurrence of a phase transition or a critical phenomenon is critically analyzed. Many different phenomena can lead both to the creation and to the suppression of a fluctuation peak. In particular, the role of constraints due to conservation laws and to data sorting is shown to be essential. From the experimental point of view, a comparison of the available fragmentation data reveals that there is a good agreement between different data sets of basic fluctuation observables, if the fragmenting source is of comparable size. This compatibility suggests that the fragmentation process is largely independent of the reaction mechanism (central vs. peripheral collisions, symmetric vs. asymmetric systems, light ions vs. heavy-ion-induced reactions). Configurational energy fluctuations, that may give important information on the heat capacity of the fragmenting system at the freeze-out stage, are not fully compatible among different data sets and require further analysis to properly account for Coulomb effects and secondary decays. Some basic theoretical questions, concerning the interplay between the dynamics of the collision and the fragmentation process, and the cluster definition in dense and hot media, are still open and are addressed at the end of the paper. A comparison with realistic models and/or a quantitative analysis of the fluctuation properties will be needed to clarify in the next future the nature of the transition observed from compound nucleus evaporation to multi-fragment production.
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Contributor : Sandrine Guesnon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 6, 2006 - 9:04:47 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 20, 2020 - 4:18:04 PM

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F. Gulminelli, M. d'Agostino. Fluctuations of fragment observables. European Physical Journal A, EDP Sciences, 2006, 30, pp.253-262. ⟨10.1140/epja/i2006-10121-x⟩. ⟨in2p3-00118547⟩



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