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Recent astrophysical and accelerator based results on the Hadronic Equation of State

Abstract : In astrophysics as well as in hadron physics progress has recently been made on the determination of the hadronic equation of state (EOS) of compressed matter. The results are contradictory, however. Simulations of heavy ion reactions are now sufficiently robust to predict the stiffness of the (EOS) from (i) the energy dependence of the ratio of $K^+$ from Au+Au and C+C collisions and (ii) the centrality dependence of the $K^+$ multiplicities. The data are best described with a compressibility coefficient at normal nuclear matter density $\kappa$ around 200 MeV, a value which is usually called ``soft'' The recent observation of a neutron star with a mass of twice the solar mass is only compatible with theoretical predictions if the EOS is stiff. We review the present situation.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 5, 2007 - 10:45:04 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 8:32:05 AM

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Christoph Hartnack, H. Oeschler, Joerg Aichelin. Recent astrophysical and accelerator based results on the Hadronic Equation of State. International Conference on Strangeness in Quark Matter (SQM06), Mar 2006, Los Angeles, United States. pp.S231-S239, ⟨10.1088/0954-3899/32/12/S29⟩. ⟨in2p3-00128950⟩

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