Immobilization of inert TRISO-coated fuel in glass for geological disposal

Abstract : Vitrification of TRISO-coated gas reactor fuel particles was achieved via two methods: glass melting and sintering. Inert TRISO-coated fuel particles and a borosilicate glass were used. With glass melting at 1200–1300 °C floatation and decomposition of carbon and silicon carbide occurred. Thermal pre-treatment of the particles for oxidation of pyrocarbon did not improve the coating properties of the glass. During cooling most of the particles floated and sorbed on the crucible or mold walls. The sintered glass at 700 °C showed better coating properties of the TRISO-coated fuel particles despite higher porosity compared to glass made by melting. Aqueous leaching properties of glass with particles are similar regardless the mode of fabrication, indicating the good chemical durability of the sintered glass. Sintered glasses may constitute a good technique for TRISO-coated fuel particles immobilization for an eventual deep geological disposal.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 19, 2007 - 2:52:04 PM
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Abdesselam Abdelouas, S. Noirault, Bernd Grambow. Immobilization of inert TRISO-coated fuel in glass for geological disposal. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2006, 358, pp.1-9. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2006.04.015⟩. ⟨in2p3-00137325⟩

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