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Shell Structure Evolution in Nuclei far from the Valley of Stability: Recent Results from GANIL

Abstract : Shell structure evolution in nuclei situated at the extremes of neutron and proton excess are investigated using in-beam gamma spectroscopy techniques with radioactive beams at GANIL. A selection of results obtained very recently is presented: i) The reduced transition probabilities B(E2;01+ --> 2+) of the neutron-rich 74Zn and 70Ni nuclei have been measured using Coulomb excitation at intermediate energy. An unexpected large proton core polarization has been found in 70Ni and interpreted as being due to the monopole interaction between the neutron g9/2 and protons f7/2 and f5/2 spin-orbit partner orbitals. ii) Two proton knock-out reactions has been performed in order to study the most neutron-rich nuclei at the N=28 shell closure. Gamma rays spectra and momentum distribution have been obtained for 42Si and neighboring nuclei. Evidence has been found for a persistence of the deformation at N=28 down to Silicon despite a relatively large Z=14 gap. iii) The in-beam gamma spectroscopy of 36Ca performed using neutron knock-out reactions revealed that 36Ca is as doubly magic as 36S. The Coulomb energy difference of the first 2+ state in this T=2, A=36 mirror nuclei reveals one of largest isospin symmetry breaking in nuclei.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 11, 2007 - 11:55:43 AM
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F. Azaiez. Shell Structure Evolution in Nuclei far from the Valley of Stability: Recent Results from GANIL. International Symposium on Exotic Nuclear Systems ENS'05, Jun 2005, Debrecen, Hungary. pp.95-102, ⟨10.1063/1.2140632⟩. ⟨in2p3-00141051⟩



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