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Linear perturbative theory of the discrete cosmological N-body problem

Abstract : We present a perturbative treatment of the evolution under their mutual self-gravity of particles displaced off an infinite perfect lattice, both for a static space and for a homogeneously expanding space as in cosmological N-body simulations. The treatment, analogous to that of perturbations to a crystal in solid state physics, can be seen as a discrete (i.e. particle) generalization of the perturbative solution in the Lagrangian formalism of a self-gravitating fluid. Working to linear order, we show explicitly that this fluid evolution is recovered in the limit that the initial perturbations are restricted to modes of wavelength much larger than the lattice spacing. The full spectrum of eigenvalues of the simple cubic lattice contains both oscillatory modes and unstable modes which grow slightly faster than in the fluid limit. A detailed comparison of our perturbative treatment, at linear order, with full numerical simulations is presented, for two very different classes of initial perturbation spectra. We find that the range of validity is similar to that of the perturbative fluid approximation (i.e. up to close to ``shell-crossing''), but that the accuracy in tracing the evolution is superior. The formalism provides a powerful tool to systematically calculate discreteness effects at early times in cosmological N-body simulations.
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Contributor : Dominique Girod <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 25, 2007 - 11:46:48 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 12:31:40 PM

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B. Marcos, T. Baertschiger, M. Joyce, A. Gabrielli, F. Sylos Labini. Linear perturbative theory of the discrete cosmological N-body problem. Physical Review D, American Physical Society, 2006, 73, pp.103507. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevD.73.103507⟩. ⟨in2p3-00149344⟩



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