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Three- and Four-jet Production at Low x at HERA

F.D. Aaron A. Aktas C. Alexa V. Andreev B. Antunovic S. Aplin A. Asmone A. Astvatsatourov S. Backovic A. Baghdasaryan P. Baranov E. Barrelet 1 W. Bartel S. Baudrand 2 M. Beckingham K. Begzsuren O. Behnke O. Behrendt A. Belousov N. Berger J.C. Bizot 2 M.-O. Boenig V. Boudry 3 I. Bozovic-Jelisavcic J. Bracinik G. Brandt M. Brinkmann V. Brisson 2 D. Bruncko F.W. Busser A. Bunyatyan G. Buschhorn L. Bystritskaya A.J. Campbell K.B. Cantun Avila F. Cassol-Brunner 4 K. Cerny V. Cerny V. Chekelian A. Cholewa J.G. Contreras J.A. Coughlan G. Cozzika 5 J. Cvach J.B. Dainton K. Daum M. Deak Y. de Boer B. Delcourt 2 M. del Degan J. Delvax A. de Roeck E.A. de Wolf C. Diaconu 4 V. Dodonov A. Dubak G. Eckerlin V. Efremenko S. Egli R. Eichler F. Eisele A. Eliseev E. Elsen S. Essenov A. Falkiewicz P.J.W. Faulkner L. Favart A. Fedotov R. Felst J. Feltesse 5 J. Ferencei L. Finke M. Fleischer A. Fomenko G. Franke T. Frisson 3 E. Gabathuler J. Gayler S. Ghazaryan S. Ginzburgskaya A. Glazov I. Glushkov L. Goerlich M. Goettlich N. Gogitidze S. Gorbounov M. Gouzevitch 3 C. Grab T. Greenshaw B.R. Grell G. Grindhammer S. Habib D. Haidt M. Hansson G. Heinzelmann C. Helebrant R.C.W. Henderson H. Henschel G. Herrera M. Hildebrandt K.H. Hiller D. Hoffmann 4 R. Horisberger A. Hovhannisyan T. Hreus M. Jacquet 2 M.E. Janssen X. Janssen V. Jemanov L. Jonsson D.P. Johnson A.W. Jung H. Jung M. Kapichine J. Katzy I.R. Kenyon C. Kiesling M. Klein C. Kleinwort T. Klimkovich T. Kluge A. Knutsson V. Korbel P. Kostka M. Kraemer K. Krastev J. Kretzschmar A. Kropivnitskaya K. Kruger M.P.J. Landon W. Lange G. Lastovicka-Medin P. Laycock A. Lebedev G. Leibenguth V. Lendermann S. Levonian G. Li 2 L. Lindfeld K. Lipka A. Liptaj B. List J. List N. Loktionova R. Lopez-Fernandez V. Lubimov A.-I. Lucaci-Timoce L. Lytkin A. Makankine E. Malinovski P. Marage Ll. Marti M. Martisikova H.-U. Martyn S.J. Maxfield A. Mehta K. Meier A.B. Meyer H. Meyer J. Meyer V. Michels S. Mikocki I. Milcewicz-Mika A. Mohamed F. Moreau 3 A. Morozov J.V. Morris M.U. Mozer K. Muller P. Muri K. Nankov B. Naroska Th. Naumann P.R. Newman C. Niebuhr A. Nikiforov G. Nowak K. Nowak M. Nozicka R. Oganezov B. Olivier J.E. Olsson S. Osman D. Ozerov V. Palichik I. Panagouliasl M. Pandurovic Th. Papadopouloul C. Pascaud 2 G.D. Patel H. Peng E. Perez 5 D. Perez-Astudillo A. Perieanu A. Petrukhin I. Picuric S. Piec D. Pitzl R. Placakyte R. Polifka B. Povh T. Preda P. Prideaux V. Radescu A.J. Rahmat N. Raicevic T. Ravdandorj P. Reimer C. Risler E. Rizvi P. Robmann B. Roland R. Roosen A. Rostovtsev Z. Rurikova S. Rusakov D. Salek F. Salvaire D.P.C. Sankey M. Sauter E. Sauvan 4 S. Schmidt S. Schmitt C. Schmitz L. Schoeffel 5 A. Schoning H.-C. Schultz-Coulon F. Sefkow R.N. Shaw-West I. Sheviakov L.N. Shtarkov T. Sloan I. Smiljanic P. Smirnov Y. Soloviev D. South V. Spaskov A. Specka 3 Z. Staykova M. Steder B. Stella J. Stiewe U. Straumann D. Sunar T. Sykora V. Tchoulakov G. Thompson P.D. Thompson T. Toll F. Tomasz T.H. Tran 2 D. Traynor T.N. Trinh 4 P. Truol I. Tsakov B. Tseepeldorj G. Tsipolitis I. Tsurin J. Turnau E. Tzamariudaki K. Urban D. Utkin A. Valkarova C. Vallee 4 P. van Mechelen A. Vargas Trevino Y. Vazdik S. Vinokurova V. Volchinski G. Weber R. Weber D. Wegener C. Werner M. Wessels Ch. Wissing R. Wolf E. Wunsch S. Xella V. Yeganov J. Zacek J. Zalesak Zhiqing Zhang 2 A. Zhelezov A. Zhokin Y.C. Zhu T. Zimmermann H. Zohrabyan F. Zomer 2
Abstract : Three- and four-jet production is measured in deep-inelastic $ep$ scattering at low $x$ and $Q^2$ with the H1 detector using an integrated luminosity of $44{.}2 {\rm pb}^{-1}$. Several phase space regions are selected for the three-jet analysis in order to study the underlying parton dynamics from global topologies to the more restrictive regions of forward jets close to the proton direction. The measurements of cross sections for events with at least three jets are compared to fixed order QCD predictions of ${\mathcal{O}}(\alpha_{\rm s}^2)$ and ${\mathcal{O}}(\alpha_{\rm s}^3) $ and with Monte Carlo simulation programs where higher order effects are approximated by parton showers. A good overall description is provided by the ${\mathcal{O}}(\alpha_{\rm s}^3) $ calculation. Too few events are predicted at the lowest $x \sim 10^{-4}$, especially for topologies with two forward jets. This hints to large contributions at low $x$ from initial state radiation of gluons close to the proton direction and unordered in transverse momentum. The Monte Carlo program in which gluon radiation is generated by the colour dipole model gives a good description of both the three- and the four-jet data in absolute normalisation and shape.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 19, 2007 - 9:19:18 AM
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F.D. Aaron, A. Aktas, C. Alexa, V. Andreev, B. Antunovic, et al.. Three- and Four-jet Production at Low x at HERA. European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2008, 54, pp.389-409. ⟨10.1140/epjc/s10052-008-0544-3⟩. ⟨in2p3-00188634⟩

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