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The Borexino detector at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso

G. Alimonti C. Arpesella H.O. Back M. Balata D. Bartolomei A. de Bellefon 1 G. Bellini J. Benziger A. Bevilacqua D. Bondi S. Bonetti A. Brigatti B. Caccianiga L. Cadonati F. Calaprice C. Carraro G. Cecchet R. Ceresto A. Chavarria M. Chen A. Chepurnov A. Cubaiu W. Czech F. Dalnoki-Veress D. d'Angelo A. de Bari E. de Haas A. Derbin M. Deutsch A. Di Credico A. Di Ludovico G. Di Pietro R. Eisenstein F. Elisei A. Etenko F. von Feilitzsch R. Fernholz K. Fomenko R. Ford D. Franco B. Freudiger N. Gaertner C. Galbiati F. Gatti S. Gazzana V. Gehman M.G. Giammarchi D. Giugni M. Goeger-Neff T. Goldbrunner A. Golubchikov A. Goretti C. Grieb C. Hagner T. Hagner E. Harding S. Hardy F. X. Hartmann R. von Hentig T. Hertrich G. Heusser H. Hult A. Ianni An. Ianni L. Ioannucci K. Jaenner M. Joyce H. de Kerret 2 S. Kidner J. Kiko T. Kirsten V. Kobychev G. Korga G. Korschinek Yu. Kozlov D. Kryn 1 P. La Marche V. Lagomarsino M. Laubenstein C. Lendvai M. Leung T. Lewke E. Litvinovich B. Loer F. Loeser L. Ludhova I. Machulin S. Malvezzi J. Maneira W. Maneschg I. Manno G. Manuzio M. Marcelli A. Martemianov F. Masetti U. Mazzucato K. Mccarty D. Mckinsey Q. Meindl E. Meroni L. Miramonti M. Misiaszek D. Montanari M.E. Monzani V. Muratova P. Musico H. Neder A. Nelson L. Niedermeier S. Nisi L. Oberauer M. Obolensky 1 M. Orsini F. Ortica M. Pallavicini L. Papp R. Parcells S. Parmeggiano M. Parodi N. Pelliccia L. Perasso A. Pocar R. Raghavan G. Ranucci W. Rau A. Razeto E. Resconi P. Risso A. Romani D. Rountree A. Sabelnikov P. Saggese R. Sadhana C. Salvo R. Scardaoni D. Schimizzi S. Schônert T. Shutt F. Siccardi H. Simgen M. Skorokhvatov O. Smirnov A. Sonnenschein F. Soricelli A. Sotnikov S. Sukhotin C. Sule Y. Suvorov V. Tarasenkov R. Tartaglia G. Testera D. Vignaud 1 S. Vitale R.B. Vogelaar V. Vyrodov B. Williams M. Wojcik R. Wordel M. Wurm O. Zaimidoroga S. Zavatarelli G. Zuzel
2 APC - Neutrinos
LPNHE - Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Énergies, APC (UMR_7164) - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
Abstract : Borexino, a large volume detector for low energy neutrino spectroscopy, is currently running underground at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. The main goal of the experiment is the real-time measurement of sub MeV solar neutrinos, and particularly of the mono energetic (862 keV) Be7 electron capture neutrinos, via neutrino-electron scattering in an ultra-pure liquid scintillator. This paper is mostly devoted to the description of the detector structure, the photomultipliers, the electronics, and the trigger and calibration systems. The real performance of the detector, which always meets, and sometimes exceeds, design expectations, is also shown. Some important aspects of the Borexino project, i.e. the fluid handling plants, the purification techniques and the filling procedures, are not covered in this paper and are, or will be, published elsewhere (see Introduction and Bibliography).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 15, 2008 - 3:40:25 PM
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G. Alimonti, C. Arpesella, H.O. Back, M. Balata, D. Bartolomei, et al.. The Borexino detector at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Elsevier, 2009, 600, pp.568-593. ⟨10.1016/j.nima.2008.11.076⟩. ⟨in2p3-00297230⟩

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