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Disappearance of the $N=14$ shell gap in the C isotopic chain

Abstract : The structure of $^{17-20}_{6}$C nuclei was investigated by means of the in-beam $\gamma$-ray spectroscopy technique using fragmentation reactions of radioactive beams. Based on particle-$\gamma$ and particle-$\gamma\gamma$ coincidence data, level schemes are constructed for the neutron rich $^{17-20}$C nuclei. The systematics of the first excited 2$^{+}$ states in the Carbon isotopes is extended for the first time to $A$=20 showing that in contrast to the case of the oxygen isotopes, the $N$=14 subshell closure disappears. Experimental results are compared with shell-model calculations. Agreement between them is found only if a reduced neutron--neutron effective interaction is used. Implications of this reduced interaction in some properties of weakly bound neutron-rich Carbon are discussed.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 26, 2008 - 3:04:20 PM
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M. Stanoiu, D. Sohler, O. Sorlin, F. Azaiez, Zs. Dombradi, et al.. Disappearance of the $N=14$ shell gap in the C isotopic chain. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2008, 78, pp.034315. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.78.034315⟩. ⟨in2p3-00312793⟩

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