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X-Ray Spectral Variability of the Seyfert Galaxy NGC 4051 Observed with Suzaku

Abstract : We report on results from a Suzaku observation of the narrow-line Seyfert 1 NGC 4051. During our observation, large-amplitude rapid variability was seen, and the averaged 2-10keV flux was 8.1$\times$10$^{-12}$ergs$^{-1}$cm$^{-2}$, which is several times lower than the historical average. The X-ray spectrum hardens when the source flux becomes lower, confirming the trend of spectral variability known for many Seyfert 1 galaxies. The broad-band averaged spectrum and spectra in high- and low-flux intervals were analyzed. The spectra were first fitted with a model consisting of a power-law component, a reflection continuum originating in cold matter, a blackbody component, two zones of ionized absorber, and several Gaussian emission lines. The amount of reflection is rather large ($R$ $\sim$ 7, where $R$ $=$ 1 corresponds to reflection by an infinite slab), while the equivalent width of the Fe-K line at 6.4keV is modest (140eV) for the averaged spectrum. We then modeled the overall spectra by introducing partial covering for the power-law component and reflection continuum independently. The column density for the former is 1$\times$10$^{23}$cm$^{-2}$, while it is fixed at 1$\times$10$^{24}$cm$^{-2}$ for the latter. By comparing the spectra in different flux states, we could identify the causes of spectral variability.
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Contributor : Simone Lantz <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 12, 2008 - 3:24:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 30, 2020 - 12:04:02 PM

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Y. Terashima, L. C. Gallo, H. Inoue, A. G. Markowitz, J. N. Reeves, et al.. X-Ray Spectral Variability of the Seyfert Galaxy NGC 4051 Observed with Suzaku. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, Oxford university press, 2009, 61, SP. 1, pp.S299-S316. ⟨in2p3-00338288⟩



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