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Very high energy gamma-ray observations of the galaxy clusters Abell 496 and Abell 85 with H.E.S.S

F. Aharonian A.G. Akhperjanian G. Anton U. Barres de Almeida A.R. Bazer-Bachi 1 Y. Becherini 2 B. Behera K. Bernlöhr C. Boisson 3 A. Bochow V. Borrel 1 I. Braun E. Brion 4 J. Brucker P. Brun 4 R. Bühler T. Bulik I. Süching T. Boutelier 5 P.M. Chadwick A. Charbonnier R.C.G. Chaves A. Cheesebrough L.-M. Chounet 6 A.C. Clapson G. Coignet 7 M.K. Daniel B. Degrange 6 C. Deil H.J. Dickinson A. Djannati-Ataï 8 W. Domainko L.O'C. Drury 1 F. Dubois 5, 7 G. Dubus J. Dyks M. Dyrda K. Egberts D. Emmanoulopoulos P. Espigat 2 C. Farnier 9 F. Feinstein 9 A. Fiasson 9 A. Förster G. Fontaine 6 M. Füsling S. Gabici 1 Y.A. Gallant 9 L. Gérard 2 B. Giebels 6 J.F. Glicenstein 4 B. Glück P. Goret 4 D. Hauser M. Hauser S. Heinz G. Heinzelmann G. Henri 5 G. Hermann J.A. Hinton A. Hoffmann W. Hofmann M. Holleran S. Hoppe D. Horns A. Jacholkowska 10 O.C. de Jager I. Jung K. Katarzy'Nski U. Katz S. Kaufmann E. Kendziorra M. Kerschhaggl D. Khangulyan B. Khélifi 6 D. Keogh Nu. Komin 4 K. Kosack G. Lamanna 7 J.-P. Lenain 3 T. Lohse V. Marandon 2 J.M. Martin 3 O. Martineau-Huynh 10 A. Marcowith 9 D. Maurin 10 T.J.L. Mccomb M.C. Medina 3 R. Moderski Emmanuel Moulin 4 M. Naumann-Godo 6 M. de Naurois 10 D. Nedbal D. Nekrassov J. Niemiec S.J. Nolan S. Ohm J.-F. Olive 1 E. de Oña Wilhelmi 2 K.J. Orford M. Ostrowski M. Panter M. Paz Arribas G. Pedaletti G. Pelletier 5 P.-O. Petrucci 5 S. Pita 2 G. P¨uhlhofer M. Punch 2 A. Quirrenbach B.C. Raubenheimer M. Raue S.M. Rayner M. Renaud F. Rieger J. Ripken L. Rob S. Rosier-Lees 7 G. Rowell B. Rudak C.B. Rulten J. Ruppel V. Sahakian A. Santangelo R. Schlickeiser F.M. Schöck R. Schröder U. Schwanke S. Schwarzburg S. Schwemmer A. Shalchi J.L. Skilton H. Sol 3 D. Spangler L. Stawarz R. Steenkamp C. Stegmann G. Superina 6 A. Szostek P.H. Tam J.-P. Tavernet 10 R. Terrier 2 O. Tibolla C. van Eldik G. Vasileiadis 9 C. Venter L. Venter 3 J.P. Vialle 7 P. Vincent 10 M. Vivier 4 H.J. Völk F. Volpe 6 S.J. Wagner M. Ward A.A. Zdziarski A. Zech
Abstract : Aims: The nearby galaxy clusters Abell 496 and Abell 85 are studied in the very high energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) band to investigate VHE cosmic rays (CRs) in this class of objects which are the largest gravitationally bound systems in the Universe. Methods: H.E.S.S., an array of four Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACT), is used to observe the targets in the range of VHE gamma rays. Results: No significant gamma-ray signal is found at the respective position of the two clusters with several different source size assumptions for each target. In particular, emission regions corresponding to the high density core, to the extension of the entire X-ray emission in these clusters, and to the very extended region where the accretion shock is expected, are investigated. Upper limits are derived for the gamma-ray flux at energies E>570 GeV for Abell 496 and E>460 GeV for Abell 85. Conclusions: From the non-detection in VHE gamma rays, upper limits on the total energy of hadronic CRs in the clusters are calculated. If the cosmic-ray energy density follows the large scale gas density profile, the limit on the fraction of energy in these non-thermal particles with respect to the total thermal energy of the intra-cluster medium (ICM) is 51% for Abell 496 and only 8% for Abell 85 due to its larger mass and higher gas density. These upper limits are compared with theoretical estimates. They predict about ~10% of the thermal energy of the ICM in non-thermal particles. The observations presented here can constrain these predictions especially for the case of the Abell 85 cluster.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 10, 2008 - 4:42:44 PM
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F. Aharonian, A.G. Akhperjanian, G. Anton, U. Barres de Almeida, A.R. Bazer-Bachi, et al.. Very high energy gamma-ray observations of the galaxy clusters Abell 496 and Abell 85 with H.E.S.S. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2009, 495, pp.27-35. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361:200811372⟩. ⟨in2p3-00345966⟩

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