Thermodynamic interpretation of neptunium coprecipitation in uranophane for application to the Yucca Mountain repository

Abstract : Interpretation and modeling of recent experimental data [1] yield thermodynamic constants for the distribution of trace Np(V) between aqueous solutions and uranophane. These data indicate that neptunyl is relatively excluded from the uranyl mineral structure, but the interpretation depends on uncertain aqueous speciation and thermodynamic properties as a function of temperature. Despite Np exclusion, the low calculated solubility of uranophane at 25 °C under conditions relevant to the proposed nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, leads to Np concentrations at equilibrium with a Np-bearing uranophane solid solution that are low compared to concentrations invoked as solubility limits in Yucca Mountain performance assessments.
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W.M. Murphy, Bernd Grambow. Thermodynamic interpretation of neptunium coprecipitation in uranophane for application to the Yucca Mountain repository. Radiochimica Acta, R Oldenbourg Verlag GMBH, 2008, 96, pp.563-567. ⟨10.1524/ract.2008.1537⟩. ⟨in2p3-00346838⟩

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