Abstract : The relevance of the pseudospin symmetry in nuclei is considered. New insight is obtained from looking at the continuous transition from a model satisfying the spin symmetry to another one satisfying the pseudospin symmetry. This study suggests that there are models allowing no missing single-particle states in this transition, contrary to what is usually advocated. It rather points out to an association of pseudospin partners different from the one usually assumed, together with a strong violation of the corresponding symmetry. A comparison with results obtained from some relativistic approaches is made.