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BLAST: Resolving the Cosmic Submillimeter Background

Abstract : The Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope (BLAST) has made one square-degree, deep, confusion-limited maps at three different bands, centered on the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey South field. By calculating the covariance of these maps with catalogs of 24 micron sources from the Far-Infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (FIDEL), we have determined that the total submillimeter intensities are 8.60 +/- 0.59, 4.93 +/- 0.34, and 2.27 +/- 0.20 nW m^-2 sr^-1 at 250, 350, and 500 microns, respectively. These numbers are more precise than previous estimates of the cosmic infrared background (CIB) and are consistent with 24 micron-selected galaxies generating the full intensity of the CIB. We find that more than half of the CIB originates from sources at z >= 1.2. At all BLAST wavelengths, the relative intensity of high-z sources is higher for 24 micron-faint sources than it is for 24 micron-bright sources. Galaxies identified very broadly as AGN by their Spitzer Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) colors contribute 32-48% of the CIB, although X-ray-selected AGN contribute only 7%. BzK-selected galaxies are found to be brighter than typical 24 micron-selected galaxies in the BLAST bands, and contribute 32-42% of the CIB. These data provide high-precision constraints for models of the evolution of the number density and intensity of star-forming galaxies at high redshift.
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Contributor : Simone Lantz <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 20, 2009 - 11:26:03 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 4:32:13 PM

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Gaelen Marsden, Peter A. R. Ade, James J. Bock, Edward L. Chapin, Mark J. Devlin, et al.. BLAST: Resolving the Cosmic Submillimeter Background. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2009, 707, pp.1729-1739. ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/707/2/1729⟩. ⟨in2p3-00376782⟩



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