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Production of Cs and Fr isotopes from a high-density UC targets with different grain dimensions

Abstract : A UC target material of 11.3 ± 0.5 g/cm3 uranium density with the grain size of 20 and 5 μm manufactured in a form of pills by the method of powder metallurgy has been tested on-line within the temperature range of 1800–2100 ◦C. The mass of uranium exposed to the beam was 4–7 g. The yields and release rates of Cs and Fr isotopes produced by fission and spallation reactions of 238U by 1 GeV protons have been measured. The yields of Cs and Fr isotopes obtained from the tested target materials have been compared, including yields of very short-lived Fr isotopes with half-lives down to 1 ms. Temperatureresistant materials (porous graphite and tantalum foil) have been used for the internal-container construction, which holds the UC target pills inside a tungsten external container heated by the resistant heating. The fastest release and the highest efficiency for short-lived isotopes have been obtained for the targets with the internal container manufactured from the tantalum foil. Results of on-line tests of a big mass target (730 g of 5 μm grain UC target material) have been discussed.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 3, 2009 - 12:40:49 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 20, 2020 - 4:18:04 PM

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V.N. Panteleev, O. Alyakrinskiy, M. Barbui, A.E. Barzakh, D.V. Fedorov, et al.. Production of Cs and Fr isotopes from a high-density UC targets with different grain dimensions. The Fifth International Conference on Exotic Nuclei and Atomic Masses ENAM'08, Sep 2008, Ryn, Poland. pp.495-501, ⟨10.1140/epja/i2009-10841-3⟩. ⟨in2p3-00401530⟩

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