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Breakdown of the Z = 8 Shell Closure in Unbound $^{12}$O and its Mirror Symmetry

Abstract : An excited state in the proton-rich unbound nucleus 12O was identified at 1.8(4) MeV via missing-mass spectroscopy with the 14Oðp; tÞ reaction at 51 AMeV. The spin-parity of the state was determined to be 0þ or 2þ by comparing the measured differential cross sections with distorted-wave calculations. The lowered location of the excited state in 12O indicates the breakdown of the major shell closure at Z ¼ 8 near the proton drip line. This demonstrates the persistence of mirror symmetry in the disappearance of the magic number 8 between 12O and its mirror partner 12Be.
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D. Suzuki, H. Iwasaki, D. Beaumel, L. Nalpas, E. Pollacco, et al.. Breakdown of the Z = 8 Shell Closure in Unbound $^{12}$O and its Mirror Symmetry. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2009, 103, pp.152503. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.152503⟩. ⟨in2p3-00423559⟩

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