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Fermi LAT Observation of Diffuse Gamma-Rays Produced Through Interactions between Local Interstellar Matter and High Energy Cosmic Rays

Aous A. Abdo Markus Ackermann Marco Ajello W. B. Atwood Magnus Axelsson Luca Baldini Jean Ballet 1 Guido Barbiellini D. Bastieri B.M. Baughmann K. Bechtol R. Bellazzini B. Berenji E.D. Bloom E. Bonamente A.W. Borgland J. Bregeon A. Brez M. Brigida Pascal Bruel 2 T.H. Burnett G. A. Caliandro R. A. Cameron P. A. Caraveo P. Carlson J.M. Casandjian 1 C. Cecchi O. Celik A. Chekhtman C.C. Cheung S. Ciprini R. Claus J. Cohen-Tanugi 3 J. Conrad S. Cutini C.D. Dermer A. de Angelis F. de Palma S.W. Digel E. Do Couto E Silva P.S. Drell R. Dubois D. Dumora 4 C. Farnier 3 C. Favuzzi S.J. Fegan 2 W.B. Focke M. Frailis Y. Fukazawa S. Funk P. Fusco F. Gargano D. Gasparrini N. Gehrels S. Germani B. Giebels 2 N. Giglietto F. Giordano T. Glanzman G. Godfrey I.A. Grenier 1 M.-H. Grondin 4 J.E. Grove L. Guillemot 4 S. Guiriec 3 N. Hamada A.K. Harding M. Hayashida R.E. Hugues G. Johansson A.S. Johnson R.P. Johnson W.N. Johnson T. Kamae H. Katagiri N. Kawai M. Kerr J. Knödlseder 5 M. L. Kocian F. Kuehn M. Kuss J. Lande L. Latronico M. Lemoine-Goumard 4 F. Longo F. Loparco B. Lott 4 M.N. Lovellette P. Lubrano A. Makeev M.N. Mazziotta J.E. Mcenery C. Meurer P.F. Michelson W. Mitthumsiri T. Mizuno A.A. Moiseev C. Monte M.E. Monzani A. Morselli I.V. Moskalenko S. Murgia P.L. Nolan J.P. Norris E. Nuss 3 T. Ohsugi A. Okumura N. Omodei E. Orlando J.F. Ormes M. Ozaki D. Paneque J.H. Panetta D. Parent 4 M. Pepe M. Pesce-Rollins F. Piron 3 M. Pohl T. A. Porter S. Rainò R. Rando M. Razzano A. Reimer O. Reimer T. Reposeur 4 S. Ritz L. S. Rochester A. Y. Rodriguez F. Ryde H.F-W. Sadrosinski D. Sanchez 2 A. Sander P. M. Saz Parkinson T.L. Schalk A. Sellerholm G. Sgro D.A. Smith 4 P.D. Smith G. Spandre P. Spinelli Jean-Luc Starck 1 F. W. Stecker M. S. Strickman A.W. Strong D. J. Suson H. Tajima H. Takahashi T. Takahashi T. Tanaka J.B. Thayer J.G. Thayer D.J. Thompson L. Tibaldo D. F. Torres G. Tosti A. Tramacere Y. Uchiyama T. L. Usher V. Vasileiou N. Vilchez 5 V. Vitale A. P. Waite P. Wang B. L. Winer K. S. Wood T. Ylinen M. Ziegler
Abstract : Observations by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the \textit{Fermi} mission of diffuse $\gamma$-rays in a mid-latitude region in the third quadrant (Galactic longitude $l$ from $200\arcdeg$ to $260\arcdeg$ and latitude $| b |$ from $22\arcdeg$ to $60\arcdeg$) are reported. The region contains no known large molecular cloud and most of the atomic hydrogen is within 1 kpc of the solar system. The contributions of $\gamma$-ray point sources and inverse Compton scattering are estimated and subtracted. The residual $\gamma$-ray intensity exhibits a linear correlation with the atomic gas column density in energy from 100 MeV to 10 GeV. The measured integrated $\gamma$-ray emissivity is $(1.63 \pm 0.05) \times 10^{-26} {\rm photons s^{-1} sr^{-1} H\mathchar`-atom^{-1}}$ and $(0.66 \pm 0.02) \times 10^{-26} {\rm photons s^{-1} sr^{-1} H\mathchar`-atom^{-1}}$ above 100 MeV and above 300 MeV, respectively, with additional systematic error of $\sim 10%$. The differential emissivity in 100 MeV--10 GeV agrees with calculations based on cosmic ray spectra consistent with those directly measured, at the 10% level. The results obtained indicate that cosmic ray nuclei spectra within 1 kpc from the solar system in regions studied are close to the local interstellar spectra inferred from direct measurements at the Earth within $\sim 10%$.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 30, 2009 - 3:15:37 PM
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Aous A. Abdo, Markus Ackermann, Marco Ajello, W. B. Atwood, Magnus Axelsson, et al.. Fermi LAT Observation of Diffuse Gamma-Rays Produced Through Interactions between Local Interstellar Matter and High Energy Cosmic Rays. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2009, 703, pp.1249-1256. ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/703/2/1249⟩. ⟨in2p3-00429043⟩

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