The effect of high power ultrasound on an aqueous suspension of graphite

Abstract : Ultrasound treatment was used to study the decrease of the granulometry of graphite, due to the cavitation, which allows the erosion by separating grains. At a smaller scale, cavitation bubble implosion tears apart graphite sheets as shown by HRTEM, while HO and H radicals produced from water sonolysis, generate oxidative and reductive reactions on these sheet fragments. Such reactions form smaller species, e.g. dissolved organic matter. The methodology proposed is very sensitive to unambiguously identifying the in situ composition of organic compounds in water. The use of the atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FTMS) technique minimizes the perturbation of the organic composition and does not require chemical treatment for analysis. The structural features observed in the narrow range (m/z < 300) were mainly aromatic compounds (phenol, benzene, toluene, xylene, benzenediazonium, etc.), C4-C6 alkenes and C2-C10 carboxylic acids. Synthesis of small compounds from graphite sonication has never been reported and will probably be helpful to understand the mechanisms involved in high energy radical reactions.
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Fabrice Guittonneau, Abdesselam Abdelouas, Bernd Grambow, Sandrine Huclier. The effect of high power ultrasound on an aqueous suspension of graphite. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, Elsevier, 2010, 17, pp.391-398. ⟨10.1016/j.ultsonch.2009.08.011⟩. ⟨in2p3-00433527⟩

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