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Concepts of nuclear α-particle condensation

Abstract : Certain aspects of the recently proposed antisymmetrized α-particle product state wave function, or THSR (Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-Röpke) α-cluster wave function, for the description of the ground state in 8Be, the Hoyle state in 12C, and analogous states in heavier nuclei are elaborated in detail. For instance, the influence of antisymmetrization in the Hoyle state on the bosonic character of the α particles is studied carefully. It is shown to be weak. Bosonic aspects in Hoyle and similar states in other self-conjugate nuclei are, therefore, predominant. Another issue is the de Broglie wavelength of α particles in the Hoyle state, which is shown to be much larger than the inter-α distance. It is pointed out that the bosonic features of low-density α gas states have measurable consequences, one of which, enhanced multi-α decay properties, has likely already been detected. Consistent with experiment, the width of the proposed analog to the Hoyle state in 16O at the excitation energy of Ex=15.1 MeV is estimated to be very small (34 keV), lending credit to the existence of heavier Hoyle-like states. The intrinsic single-boson density matrix of a self-bound Bose system can, under physically desirable boundary conditions, be defined unambiguously. One eigenvalue then separates out, being close to the number of α particles in the system. Differences between Brink and THSR α-cluster wave functions are worked out. No cluster model of the Brink type can describe the Hoyle state with a single configuration. On the contrary, many superpositions of the Brink type are necessary, implying delocalization toward an α-product state. It is shown that single α-particle orbits in condensates of different nuclei are almost the same. It is thus argued that α-particle (quartet) antisymmetrized product states of the THSR type are a very promising novel and useful concept in nuclear physics.
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Contributor : Sophie Heurteau <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 13, 2010 - 4:48:56 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:59:50 AM

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Y. Funaki, H. Horiuchi, W. von Oertzen, G. Roepke, P. Schuck, et al.. Concepts of nuclear α-particle condensation. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2009, 80, 064326 [14 p.]. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.80.064326⟩. ⟨in2p3-00446922⟩



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