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Is There Evidence for a Hubble Bubble? The Nature of Type Ia Supernova Colors and Dust in External Galaxies

Abstract : We examine recent evidence from the luminosity-redshift relation of Type Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia) for the ~3 σ detection of a ``Hubble bubble''-a departure of the local value of the Hubble constant from its globally averaged value. By comparing the MLCS2k2 fits used in that study to the results from other light-curve fitters applied to the same data, we demonstrate that this is related to the interpretation of SN color excesses (after correction for a light-curve shape-color relation) and the presence of a color gradient across the local sample. If the slope of the linear relation (β) between SN color excess and luminosity is fit empirically, then the bubble disappears. If, on the other hand, the color excess arises purely from Milky Way-like dust, then SN data clearly favor a Hubble bubble. We find that SN data give β~=2, instead of the β~=4 one would expect from purely Milky Way-like dust. This suggests that either SN intrinsic colors are more complicated than can be described with a single light-curve shape parameter, or that dust around SN is unusual. Disentangling these possibilities is both a challenge and an opportunity for large-survey SN Ia cosmology.
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http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00455429
Contributor : Julien Guy <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 10, 2010 - 2:10:37 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 11, 2020 - 1:53:35 AM

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A. Conley, R. G. Carlberg, J. Guy, D. A. Howell, S. Jha, et al.. Is There Evidence for a Hubble Bubble? The Nature of Type Ia Supernova Colors and Dust in External Galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2007, 664, pp.L13-L16. ⟨10.1086/520625⟩. ⟨in2p3-00455429⟩

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