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Experimental test of a supercritical helium heat exchanger dedicated to EUROTRANS 150 kW CW power coupler

Abstract : The coaxial power coupler needed for beta = 0.65 superconducting RF cavities used in the high energy section of the EUROTRANS driver should transmit 150 kW (CW operation) RF power to the proton beam. The estimated RF losses on the power coupler outer conductor in standing wave mode operation are 46 W. To remove these heat loads, a full scale copper coil heat exchanger brazed around the outer conductor was designed and tested using supercritical helium at T = 6 K as a coolant. Our main objective was to minimise the heat loads to cold extremity of SRF cavity maintained at 2 K or 4.2 K. A dedicated test facility named SUPERCRYLOOP was developed and successfully operated in order to measure the performance of the cold heat exchanger. The test cell used reproduces the realistic thermal boundary conditions of the power coupler mounted on the cavity in the cryomodule. After a short introduction, a brief discussion about the problem of power coupler cooling systems in different machines is made. After that, we describe the experimental set-up and test apparatus. Then, a heat exchanger thermal model will be developed with FEM code COSMOS/M to estimate the different heat transfer coefficients by comparison between numerical simulation results and experimental data in order to validate the design. Finally, thermo-hydraulic behavior of supercritical helium has been investigated as function of different parameters (inlet pressure, flow rate, heat loads).
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Contributor : Michel Lion <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 15, 2010 - 9:41:34 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:10:38 AM




M. Souli, M. Fouaidy, N. Hammoudi. Experimental test of a supercritical helium heat exchanger dedicated to EUROTRANS 150 kW CW power coupler. Cryogenics, Elsevier, 2010, 50, pp.295-303. ⟨10.1016/j.cryogenics.2010.01.006⟩. ⟨in2p3-00473298⟩



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