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Relative Composition and Energy Spectra of Light Nuclei in Cosmic Rays. Results from AMS-01

M. Aguilar J. Alcaraz J. Allaby B. Alpat G. Ambrosi H. Anderhub L. Ao A. Arefiev L. Arruda P. Azzarello M. Basile F. Barao G. Barreira A. Bartoloni R. Battiston R. Beckerl U. Beckerl L. Bellagamba P. Béné J. Berdugo P. Berges B. Bertucci A. Biland V. Bindi G. Boella M. Boschini M. Bourquin G. Bruni M. Buenerd 1 J. D. Burger W. J. Burger X. D. Cai P. Cannarsa M. Capell D. Casadei J. Casausy G. Castellini I. Cernuda Y. H. Chang H. F. Chen H. S. Chen Z. G. Chen N.A. Chernoplekov T. H. Chiueh Y.Y. Choia F. Cindoloj V. Commichau A. Contin E. Cortina-Gil D. Crespo M. Cristinziani T. S. Dai C. Dela Guia C. Delgado S. Di Falco L. Djambazov I. d'Antone Z. R. Dong M. Duranti J. Engelberg F. J. Eppling T. Eronen P. Extermann J. Favier 2 E. Fiandrini P. H. Fisherl G. Flugge N. Fouque 2 Y. Galaktionov M. Gervasi F. Giovacchini P. Giusti D. Grandi O. Grimm W. Q. Guh S. Haino K. Hangarter A. Hasan V. Hermel 2 H. Hofer W. Hungerford M. Ionica M. Jongmanns K. Karlamaa W. Karpinski G. Kenney D. H. Kim G. N. Kim K. S. Kim T. Kirn A. Klimentovl R. Kossakowski 2 A. Kounine V. Koutsenkol M. Kraeber G. Laborie 1 T. Laitinen G. Lamanna 2 G. Laurent A. Lebedev C. Lechanoine-Leluc M. W. Lee S. C. Lee G. Levi C. H. Lin H. T. Liu G. Lu Y. S. Lu K. Lübelsmeyer D. Luckey W. Lustermann C. Mana A. Margotti F. Mayet 1 R.R. Mcneil M. Menichelli A. Mihul A. Mujunen A. Oliva F. Palmonari H. B. Park W. H. Park M. Pauluzzi F. Pauss R. Pereira E. Perrin A. Pevsner F. Pilo M. Pimenta V. Plyaskin V. Pojidaev M. Pohl N. Produit L. Quadrani P. G. Rancoita D. Rapin D. Ren Zhuoxiang Ren M. Ribordy J. P. Richeux E. Riihonen J. Ritakari S. Ro U. Roeser R. Sagdeev D. Santos 1 G. Sartorelli C. Sbarra S. Schael A. Schultz von Dratzig G. Schwering E. S. Seo J. W. Shin E. Shoumilov V. Shoutko T. Siedenburg R. Siedling D. Son T. Song F. R. Spada F. Spinella M. Steuer G. S. Sun H. Suter X. W. Tang Samuel C. C. Ting S. M. Ting N. Tomassettif M. Tornikoski J. Torsti J. Trümpe J. Ulbricht S. Urpo E. Valtonen J. Vandenhirtz E. Velikhov B. Verlaat I. Vetlitsky F. Vezzu 1 J.P. Vialle 2 G. Viertel D. Vité H. von Gunten S. Waldmeierwicki W. Wallraff J. Z. Wang K. Wiik C. Williams S. X. Wu P. C. Xia S. Xu Z. Z. Xu J. L. Yan L. G. Yan C. G. Yang J. Yang M. Yangi S. W. Ye H. Y. Zhang Z. P. Zhang D. X. Zhao F. Zhou Y. Zhou G. Y. Zhu W. Z. Zhu H. L. Zhuang A. Zichichi B. Zimmermann P. Zuccon
Abstract : Measurement of the chemical and isotopic composition of cosmic rays is essential for the precise understanding of their propagation in the galaxy. While the model parameters are mainly determined using the B/C ratio, the study of extended sets of ratios can provide stronger constraints on the propagation models. In this paper the relative abundances of the light nuclei lithium, beryllium, boron and carbon are presented. The secondary to primary ratios Li/C, Be/C and B/C have been measured in the kinetic energy range 0.35-45 GeV/nucleon. The isotopic ratio 7Li/6Li is also determined in the magnetic rigidity interval 2.5-6.3 GV. The secondary to secondary ratios Li/Be, Li/B and Be/B are also reported. These measurements are based on the data collected by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer AMS-01 during the STS-91 space shuttle flight in 1998 June. Our experimental results are in substantial agreement with other measurements, where they exist. We describe our light-nuclei data with a diffusive-reacceleration model. A 10-15% overproduction of Be is found in the model predictions and can be attributed to uncertainties in the production cross-section data.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 31, 2010 - 3:31:33 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 12:58:42 PM

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M. Aguilar, J. Alcaraz, J. Allaby, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, et al.. Relative Composition and Energy Spectra of Light Nuclei in Cosmic Rays. Results from AMS-01. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2010, 724, pp.329-340. ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/724/1/329⟩. ⟨in2p3-00512768⟩

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