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Americium(III) coordination chemistry: An unexplored diversity of structure and bonding

Abstract : The comparison of the physicochemical behavior of the actinides with that of the lanthanides can be justified by the analogy of their electronic structure, as each of the series is made up of elements corresponding to the filling of a given (n)f atomic shell. However relatively few points of comparison are available, given the lack of available structure for trans-plutonium(III) elements and the additional difficulty of stabilizing coordination complexes of uranium(III) to plutonium(III). This contribution is a focal point of trans-plutonium(III) chemistry and, more specifically, of some americium compounds that have been recently synthesized, all related with hard acid oxygen donor ligands that may be involved in the reprocessing chain of nuclear fuel. After a brief review of the solid hydrates and aquo species for the lanthanide and actinide families, we discuss two types of ligands that have in common three carboxylic goups, namely the aminotriacetic acid and the citric acid anions. The additional roles of the nitrogen atom for the first one and of the hydroxy function for the second one are discussed. Accordingly, five new complexes with either americium or lanthanides elements are described: [Co(NH3)6][M(NTA)2(H2O)]·8H2O with M = Nd, Yb and Am, and [Co(NH3)6]2K[M3(Cit)4(H2O)3]·18H2O with Nd and Am cations. In all cases the americium complexes are isostructural with their lanthanide equivalents.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 30, 2010 - 10:39:00 AM
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A.M. Fedosseev, M.S. Grigoriev, N.A. Budantseva, D. Guillaumont, C. Le Naour, et al.. Americium(III) coordination chemistry: An unexplored diversity of structure and bonding. Comptes Rendus Chimie, Elsevier Masson, 2010, 13, pp.839-848. ⟨10.1016/j.crci.2010.04.018⟩. ⟨in2p3-00522209⟩



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