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Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Research: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 628 (2011) 120-123
The MU-RAY project: Volcano radiography with cosmic-ray muons
G. Ambrosi1, F. Ambrosino2, R. Battiston1, A. Bross, S. Callier3, F. Cassese2, G. Castellini, R. Ciaranfi4, F. Cozzolino2, R. D'Alessandro4, C. de La Taille3, G. Iacobucci2, A. Marotta2, V. Masone2, M. Martini, R. Nishiyama, P. Noli2, M. Orazi, L. Parascandolo2, P. Parascandolo2, G. Passeggio2, R. Peluso, A. Pla-Dalmau, L. Raux3, R. Rocco2, P. Rubinov, G. Saracino2, G. Scarpato, G. Sekhniaidze2, P. Strolin2, H.K.M. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, P. Trattino, T. Uchida, I. Yokoyamao
(2011)

Cosmic-ray muon radiography is a technique for imaging the variation of density inside the top few 100 m of a volcanic cone. With resolutions up to 10s of meters in optimal detection conditions, muon radiography can provide images of the top region of a volcano edifice with a resolution that is considerably better than that typically achieved with conventional methods. Such precise measurements are expected to provide us with information on anomalies in the rock density distribution, like those expected from dense lava conduits, low density magma supply paths or the compression with depth of the overlying soil. The MU-RAY project aims at the construction of muon telescopes and the development of new analysis tools for muon radiography. The telescopes are required to be able to work in harsh environment and to have low power consumption, good angular and time resolutions, large active area and modularity. The telescope consists of two X–Y planes of 2×2 square meters area made by plastic scintillator strips of triangular shape. Each strip is read by a fast WLS fiber coupled to a silicon photomultiplier. The readout electronics is based on the SPIROC chip.
1 :  INFN, Sezione di Perugia - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia
2 :  INFN, Sezione di Napoli - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Napoli
3 :  LAL - Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire
4 :  INFN, Sezione di Firenze - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Firenze
Planète et Univers/Sciences de la Terre/Géophysique

Sciences de l'environnement/Milieux et Changements globaux

Physique/Physique/Géophysique

Physique/Physique/Instrumentations et Détecteurs
Muon radiography – Vulcano structure – Silicon photomultiplier