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Real-time Analysis and Selection Biases in the Supernova Legacy Survey

Abstract : The Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) has produced a high-quality, homogeneous sample of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) out to redshifts greater than z = 1. In its first four years of full operation (to 2007 June), the SNLS discovered more than 3000 transient candidates, 373 of which have been spectroscopically confirmed as SNe Ia. Use of these SNe Ia in precision cosmology critically depends on an analysis of the observational biases incurred in the SNLS survey due to the incomplete sampling of the underlying SN Ia population. This paper describes our real-time supernova detection and analysis procedures, and uses detailed Monte Carlo simulations to examine the effects of Malmquist bias and spectroscopic sampling. Such sampling effects are found to become apparent at z ~ 0.6, with a significant shift in the average magnitude of the spectroscopically confirmed SN Ia sample toward brighter values for z >~ 0.75. We describe our approach to correct for these selection biases in our three-year SNLS cosmological analysis (SNLS3) and present a breakdown of the systematic uncertainties involved. Based on observations obtained with MegaPrime/MegaCam, a joint project of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) and CEA/DAPNIA, on the CFHT which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) of France, and the University of Hawaii. This work is based, in part, on data products produced at the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre as part of the CFHT Legacy Survey, a collaborative project of NRC and CNRS.
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Contributor : Pierre Astier <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 10, 2010 - 3:17:06 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 3:22:27 PM

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K. Perrett, D. Balam, M. Sullivan, C. Pritchet, A. Conley, et al.. Real-time Analysis and Selection Biases in the Supernova Legacy Survey. Astronomical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2010, 140, pp.518-532. ⟨10.1088/0004-6256/140/2/518⟩. ⟨in2p3-00545096⟩



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