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Final Analysis of Proton Form Factor Ratio Data at $\mathbf{Q^2 =}$ 4.0, 4.8, and 5.6 GeV$\mathbf{^2}$

Abstract : Precise measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio R=μpGpE/GpM using the polarization transfer method at Jefferson Lab have revolutionized the understanding of nucleon structure by revealing the strong decrease of R with momentum transfer Q2 for Q2≳1 GeV2, in strong disagreement with previous extractions of R from cross section measurements. In particular, the polarization transfer results have exposed the limits of applicability of the one-photon-exchange approximation and highlighted the role of quark orbital angular momentum in the nucleon structure. The GEp-II experiment in Jefferson Lab's Hall A measured R at four Q2 values in the range 3.5 GeV2≤Q2≤5.6 GeV2. A possible discrepancy between the originally published GEp-II results and more recent measurements at higher Q2 motivated a new analysis of the GEp-II data. This article presents the final results of the GEp-II experiment, including details of the new analysis, an expanded description of the apparatus and an overview of theoretical progress since the original publication. The key result of the final analysis is a systematic increase in the results for R, improving the consistency of the polarization transfer data in the high-Q2 region. This increase is the result of an improved selection of elastic events which largely removes the systematic effect of the inelastic contamination, underestimated by the original analysis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 9, 2011 - 12:28:20 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 8, 2021 - 10:46:05 AM

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A. J. R. Puckett, E. J. Brash, O. Gayou, M. K. Jones, L. Pentchev, et al.. Final Analysis of Proton Form Factor Ratio Data at $\mathbf{Q^2 =}$ 4.0, 4.8, and 5.6 GeV$\mathbf{^2}$. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2012, 85, pp.045203. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.85.045203⟩. ⟨in2p3-00575008⟩

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