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Capillary zone electrophoresis for U(VI) and short chain carboxylic acid sorption studies on silica and rutile

Abstract : Capillary zone electrophoresis was used to study the uranyl and short chain carboxylic acid sorption on silica and rutile. The separation and the simultaneous determination (in a single run) of a number of short chain carboxylic acids (oxalic, formic, acetic and propionic) and U(VI) with direct UV detection is developed for the analysis of solutions after the sorption experiments. The reverse polarity mode is used (the injection is performed at the negative end). The matrix effect of Si(IV) (possible silica dissolution product) and perchlorate (added for constant ionic strength in sorption experiments) on the separation of U(VI) and organic acids is investigated. The influence of methanol addition in carrier electrolyte on the separation selectivity of given analytes is also studied. Under the chosen conditions (carbonate buffer (ionic strength of 0.1 M), pH 9.8, 0.15 mM of tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, 25% (v/v) of methanol) the calibration curves are plotted. They are linear in two ranges of concentration from not, vert, similar1 × 10−5 to not, vert, similar1 × 10−3 M for oxalate, acetate, propionate, U(VI) and not, vert, similar1 × 10−4 to not, vert, similar1 × 10−3 for formate. The accuracy of the procedure is checked by the “added-found” method in simulation solutions. The relative standard deviations of the concentrations found are within the range of 1–10% and the recovery is in the range of 90–115%. This method is applied for the analysis of aqueous samples issued from sorption experiments on silica and rutile. The obtained results indicate that the given organic acids decrease uranium sorption both on silica and rutile. These experiments demonstrate that short chain carboxylic acids can influence the mobility and the chemistry of U(VI) in the environment.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 9, 2011 - 2:27:12 PM
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V. Sladkov, Y. Zhao, Florence Mercier-Bion. Capillary zone electrophoresis for U(VI) and short chain carboxylic acid sorption studies on silica and rutile. Talanta, Elsevier, 2011, 83, pp.1595-1600. ⟨10.1016/j.talanta.2010.11.055⟩. ⟨in2p3-00575037⟩



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