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X-ray photoreduction of U(VI)-bearing compounds

Abstract : During XPS analysis, the soft X-ray-induced reduction of metals such as Cr(VI) and Ce(IV) in oxides has been reported in the literature and some mechanisms have been proposed to explain this phenomenon. The reduction of U(VI) by the beam during X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy has been already reported in the literature but only for U(VI) sorbed or precipitated onto solids with reducing properties (as micas or pyrites) for whose Fe(II) can also induce the reduction of U(VI), or onto TiO2 whose the photocatalytic properties are well known. The objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of X-ray beam on U(VI) bulk compounds (UO3, UO2(OH)2, (UO2)2SiO4, UO2(CH3COO)2 and UO2C2O4). Successive U4f, U5f, C1s XPS spectra were recorded and compared as a function of the irradiation time. The XPS photoreduction of U(VI) into U(IV) is only observed for uranyl compounds containing organic matter (uranyl acetate and uranyl oxalate). Considering the evolution of the C1s signal during the X-ray irradiation, a significant decrease of the C O component simultaneously to the U(VI) reduction is observed, which suggests a desorption of CO or other volatile organic products from the solid surface. All these results on U(VI) bulk compounds indicate the important role of organic carbon species in the photoreduction process and to explain these observations, a photoreduction mechanism has been suggested.
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http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00579196
Contributor : Sophie Heurteau <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 23, 2011 - 11:14:09 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 4:08:31 PM

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F. Mercier-Bion, R. Drot, J.J. Ehrhardt, J. Lambert, J. Roques, et al.. X-ray photoreduction of U(VI)-bearing compounds. Surface and Interface Analysis, Wiley-Blackwell, 2011, 43, pp.777-783. ⟨10.1002/sia.3617⟩. ⟨in2p3-00579196⟩

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