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Surface symmetry energy of nuclear energy density functionals

Abstract : We study the bulk deformation properties of the Skyrme nuclear energy density functionals (EDFs). Following simple arguments based on the leptodermous expansion and liquid drop model, we apply the nuclear density functional theory to assess the role of the surface symmetry energy in nuclei. To this end, we validate the commonly used functional parametrizations against the data on excitation energies of superdeformed band heads in Hg and Pb isotopes and fission isomers in actinide nuclei. After subtracting shell effects, the results of our self-consistent calculations are consistent with macroscopic arguments and indicate that experimental data on strongly deformed configurations in neutron-rich nuclei are essential for optimizing future nuclear EDFs. The resulting survey provides a useful benchmark for further theoretical improvements. Unlike in nuclei close to the stability valley, whose macroscopic deformability hangs on the balance of surface and Coulomb terms, the deformability of neutron-rich nuclei strongly depends on the surface symmetry energy; hence, its proper determination is crucial for the stability of deformed phases of the neutron-rich matter and description of fission rates for r-process nucleosynthesis.
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Contributor : Virginie Mas <>
Submitted on : Sunday, April 17, 2011 - 10:33:41 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 3, 2020 - 9:40:03 PM

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N. Nikolov, N. Schunck, W. Nazarewicz, M. Bender, J. Pei. Surface symmetry energy of nuclear energy density functionals. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2011, 83, pp.034305. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.83.034305⟩. ⟨in2p3-00586588⟩



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