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Temperature effect on U(VI) sorption onto Na-bentonite

Abstract : U(VI) sorption on a purified Na-bentonite was investigated from 298±2 to 353±2 K by using a batch experimental method as a function of pH, U(VI) concentration, carbonate concentration and solid-to-liquid ratio (m/V). The data at 298±2 K could be well described by a surface complexation model (SCM) with a complex located on layer sites (X2UO2) and three complexes located on edge sites (≡SOUO2+, ≡SO(UO2)3(OH)5, and ≡SO(UO2)3(OH)72-). The intrinsic equilibrium constants (Kint) of the surface reactions at 333±2 K and 353±2 K were obtained by fitting U(VI) sorption curves versus pH on the Na-bentonite. The model enables U(VI) sorption in the presence of carbonate ( =10-3.58 atm) to be described without considering any ternary surface complexes involving carbonate, except for underestimation around pH 7 (6 < pH < 7.5). The standard enthalpy changes ( ) of the surface reactions were evaluated from the Kint values obtained at three temperatures (298±2, 333±2 and 353±2 K) via the van't Hoff equation. The proposed SCM and of the surface reactions enable U(VI) sorption on the Na-bentonite at other temperatures to be predicted.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 26, 2011 - 6:04:31 PM
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Z. Yang, L. Huang, Z. Guo, Gilles Montavon, W. Wu. Temperature effect on U(VI) sorption onto Na-bentonite. Radiochimica Acta, R Oldenbourg Verlag GMBH, 2010, 98, pp.785-791. ⟨10.1524/ract.2010.1784⟩. ⟨in2p3-00611649⟩

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