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Constraining Galactic cosmic-ray parameters with Z<=2 nuclei

Abstract : The secondary-to-primary B/C ratio is widely used to study Galactic cosmic-ray propagation processes. The 2H/4He and 3He/4He ratios probe a different Z/A regime, therefore testing the 'universality' of propagation. We revisit the constraints on diffusion-model parameters set by the quartet (1H, 2H, 3He, 4He), using the most recent data as well as updated formulae for the inelastic and production cross-sections. The analysis relies on the USINE propagation package and a Markov Chain Monte Carlo technique to estimate the probability density functions of the parameters. Simulated data are also used to validate analysis strategies. The fragmentation of CNO cosmic rays (resp. NeMgSiFe) on the ISM during their propagation contributes to 20% (resp. 20%) of the 2H and 15% (resp. 10%) of the 3He flux at high energy. The C to Fe elements are also responsible for up to 10% of the 4He flux measured at 1 GeV/n. The analysis of 3He/4He (and to a less extent 2H/4He) data shows that the transport parameters are consistent with those from the B/C analysis: the diffusion model with delta~0.7 (diffusion slope), Vc~20 km/s (galactic wind), Va~40 km/s (reacceleration) is favoured, but the combination delta~0.2, Vc~0, and Va~80 km/s is a close second. The confidence intervals on the parameters show that the constraints set by the quartet data are competitive with those brought by the B/C data. These constraints are tighter when adding the 3He (or 2H) flux measurements, and the tightest when further adding the He flux. For the latter, the analysis of simulated and real data show an increased sensitivity to biases. Using secondary-to-primary ratio along with a loose prior on the source parameters is recommended to get the most robust constraints on the transport parameters.
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http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00616548
Contributor : Emmanuelle Vernay <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 23, 2011 - 9:26:32 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 12:58:40 PM

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B. Coste, L. Derome, D. Maurin, A. Putze. Constraining Galactic cosmic-ray parameters with Z<=2 nuclei. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2012, 539, pp.A88. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201117927⟩. ⟨in2p3-00616548⟩

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