Abstract : Yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia single-crystals have been irradiated with 4-MeV Au2+ ions at fluences ranging from 1012 cm-2 to 2x1015 cm-2 and at three temperatures (room temperature, 500°C and 800°C). Evaluation of the irradiation-induced strain has been performed by the X-ray diffraction technique. It is found that, whatever the irradiation temperature, the elastic-strain build-up exhibits two steps. An increase of the (tensile) strain-level is observed in the first step. A drastic strain relaxation occurs at a transition fluence, which defines the beginning of the second step. Increasing the irradiation temperature induces a decrease of the strain level and a shift of the transition fluence towards low fluence. Both effects may be explained by an enhanced defect-clustering rate which occurs already at 500°C.