Measurement of the Group Velocity of Light in Sea Water at the ANTARES Site

S. Adrián-Martínez I. Al Samarai 1 A. Albert 2 M. André M. Anghinolfi G. Anton S. Anvar 3 M. Ardid A.C. Assis Jesus T. Astraatmadja J.-J. Aubert B. Baret 4 S. Basa 5 V. Bertin 1 S. Biagi A. Bigi C. Bigongiari C. Bogazzi M. Bou-Cabo B. Bouhou 6 M.C. Bouwhuis J. Brunner 1 J. Busto 1 F. Camarena A. Capone C. Cârloganu 7 G. Carminati J. Carr 1 S. Cecchini Z. Charif 1 Ph. Charvis 8 T. Chiarusi M. Circella H. Costantini 1 P. Coyle 1 C. Curtil 1 G. De Bonis M.P. Decowski I. Dekeyser 9 A. Deschamps 8 C. Distefano C. Donzaud 6 D. Dornic Q. Dorosti D. Drouhin T. Eberl U. Emanuele A. Enzenhöfer J.-P. Ernenwein 1 S. Escoffier 1 P. Fermani M. Ferri V. Flaminio F. Folger U. Fritsch J.-L. Fuda 9 S. Galatà 1 P. Gay 7 K. Geyer G. Giacomelli V. Giordano J.P. Gómez-González K. Graf G. Guillard 7 G. Halladjian 1 G. Hallewell 1 H. Van Haren J. Hartman A.J. Heijboer Y. Hello 8 J.J. Hernández-Rey B. Herold J. Hößl C.C. Hsu M. De Jong M. Kadler O. Kalekin A. Kappes U. Katz O. Kavatsyuk P. Kooijman C. Kopper A. Kouchner 6 I. Kreykenbohm V. Kulikovskiy R. Lahmann P. Lamare 3 G. Larosa D. Lattuada D. Lefèvre 9 G. Lim D. Lo Presti H. Loehner S. Loucatos 3 S. Mangano M. Marcelin 5 A. Margiotta J.A. Martínez-Mora J.E. McMillan A. Meli T. Montaruli L. Moscoso 3, 6 H. Motz M. Neff E. Nezri 5 D. Palioselitis G.E. Păvălaş K. Payet 3 P. Payre 1 J. Petrovic P. Piattelli N. Picot-Clemente 1 V. Popa T. Pradier 10 E. Presani C. Racca 2 C. Reed G. Riccobene C. Richardt R. Richter C. Rivière 1 A. Robert 9 K. Roensch A. Rostovtsev J. Ruiz-Rivas M. Rujoiu G.V. Russo F. Salesa D.F.E. Samtleben P. Sapienza F. Schöck J.-P. Schuller 3 F. Schüssler 3 T. Seitz R. Shanidze F. Simeone A. Spies M. Spurio J.J.M. Steijger Th. Stolarczyk 3 A. Sánchez-Losa M. Taiuti C. Tamburini 9 L.F. Thompson S. Toscano B. Vallage 3 V. Van Elewyck 6 G. Vannoni 3 M. Vecchi 1 P. Vernin 3 S. Wagner G. Wijnker J. Wilms E. De Wolf H. Yepes D. Zaborov J.D. Zornoza J. Zúñiga
Abstract : The group velocity of light has been measured at eight different wavelengths between 385 nm and 532 nm in the Mediterranean Sea at a depth of about 2.2 km with the ANTARES optical beacon systems. A parametrisation of the dependence of the refractive index on wavelength based on the salinity, pressure and temperature of the sea water at the ANTARES site is in good agreement with these measurements.


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Submitted on : Friday, March 2, 2012 - 4:00:29 PM
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S. Adrián-Martínez, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, et al.. Measurement of the Group Velocity of Light in Sea Water at the ANTARES Site. Astroparticle Physics, Elsevier, 2012, 35, pp.552-557. <10.1016/j.astropartphys.2011.12.003>. <in2p3-00660651>

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