A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, and M. Ajello, A Population of Gamma-Ray Millisecond Pulsars Seen with the Fermi Large Area Telescope, Science, vol.183, issue.5670, p.848, 2009.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1090720

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00402863

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, and M. Ajello, Detection of 16 Gamma-Ray Pulsars Through Blind Frequency Searches Using the Fermi LAT, Science, vol.183, issue.5905, p.840, 2009.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.aa.21.090183.000435

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00402843

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, and M. Ajello, Detection of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from the Globular Cluster 47 Tucanae with Fermi, Science, vol.216, issue.5525, p.845, 2009.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1061135

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00414457

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, and M. Ajello, The on-orbit calibration of the Fermi Large Area Telescope, Astroparticle Physics, vol.32, issue.3-4, p.193, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2009.08.002

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, and M. Ajello, Large Area Telescope, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.241, issue.712, pp.75-957, 2010.
DOI : 10.1086/500644

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00700581

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, and M. Ajello, LARGE AREA TELESCOPE FIRST SOURCE CATALOG, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, vol.188, issue.2, p.405, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0067-0049/188/2/405

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00497544

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, and M. Ajello, LARGE AREA TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS OF THE CRAB PULSAR AND NEBULA, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.708, issue.2, p.1254, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/708/2/1254

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00453756

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, and M. Ajello, LARGE AREA TELESCOPE CATALOG OF GAMMA-RAY PULSARS, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, vol.187, issue.2, p.460, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0067-0049/187/2/460

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00483013

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, and W. B. Atwood, LARGE AREA TELESCOPE, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.699, issue.2, p.1171, 2009.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/699/2/1171

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00700581

Z. Arzoumanian, A. S. Fruchter, J. H. Taylor, W. B. Atwood, A. A. Abdo et al., Orbital variability in the eclipsing pulsar binary PSR B1957+20, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.426, issue.697, pp.85-1071, 1994.
DOI : 10.1086/187346

D. C. Backer, S. R. Kulkarni, C. Heiles, M. M. Davis, and W. M. Goss, A millisecond pulsar, Nature, vol.300, issue.5893, p.615, 1982.
DOI : 10.1038/300615a0

X. Bai and A. Spitkovsky, UNCERTAINTIES OF MODELING GAMMA-RAY PULSAR LIGHT CURVES USING VACUUM DIPOLE MAGNETIC FIELD, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.715, issue.2, p.1270, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/715/2/1270

M. Blaskiewicz, J. M. Cordes, and I. Wasserman, A relativistic model of pulsar polarization, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.370, p.643, 1991.
DOI : 10.1086/169850

S. Bogdanov, M. Van-den-berg, and C. O. Heinke, STUDY OF PSR J1740-5340 AND CANDIDATE MILLISECOND PULSARS IN THE GLOBULAR CLUSTER NGC 6397, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.709, issue.1, p.241, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/709/1/241

W. F. Brisken, J. M. Benson, W. M. Goss, and S. E. Thorsett, Very Long Baseline Array Measurement of Nine Pulsar Parallaxes, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.571, issue.2, p.906, 2002.
DOI : 10.1086/340098

I. Cognard, L. Guillemot, and T. J. Johnson, SOURCES WITH THE NAN??AY RADIO TELESCOPE, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.732, issue.1, p.47, 2011.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/732/1/47

I. Contopoulos and C. Kalapotharakos, The pulsar synchrotron in 3D: curvature radiation, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.404, issue.2, p.767, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16338.x

G. Cusumano, W. Hermsen, and M. Kramer, The phase of the radio and X-ray pulses of PSR??B1937+21, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.385, issue.2, pp.9-9, 2003.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20020123

J. Dyks, Altitude-dependent polarization in radio pulsars, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.391, issue.2, p.859, 2008.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13923.x

J. Dyks, A. K. Harding, and B. Rudak, Relativistic Effects and Polarization in Three High???Energy Pulsar Models, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.606, issue.2, p.1125, 2004.
DOI : 10.1086/383121

A. S. Fruchter, D. R. Stinebring, and J. H. Taylor, A millisecond pulsar in an eclipsing binary, Nature, vol.333, issue.6170, p.237, 1988.
DOI : 10.1038/333237a0

A. Gelman and D. Rubin, Inference from Iterative Simulation Using Multiple Sequences, Statistical Science, vol.7, issue.4, p.457, 1992.
DOI : 10.1214/ss/1177011136

A. K. Harding, V. V. Usov, and A. G. Muslimov, High???Energy Emission from Millisecond Pulsars, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.622, issue.1, p.531, 2005.
DOI : 10.1086/427840

W. K. Hastings, Monte Carlo sampling methods using Markov chains and their applications, Biometrika, vol.57, issue.1, p.97, 1970.
DOI : 10.1093/biomet/57.1.97

J. A. Hibschman and J. Arons, Polarization Sweeps in Rotation???powered Pulsars, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.546, issue.1, p.382, 2001.
DOI : 10.1086/318224

H. H. Huang, W. Becker, K. Jahoda, C. B. Markwardt, and Y. Radeva, XMM-Newton observations of PSR B1957+20, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.334, issue.2, pp.5-401, 2006.
DOI : 10.1038/334684a0

V. M. Kaspi, J. H. Taylor, and M. F. Ryba, High-precision timing of millisecond pulsars. 3: Long-term monitoring of PSRs B1855+09 and B1937+21, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.428, p.713, 1994.
DOI : 10.1086/174280

DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/732/1/38

E. Marinari and G. Parisi, Simulated Tempering: A New Monte Carlo Scheme, Europhysics Letters (EPL), vol.19, issue.6, p.451, 1992.
DOI : 10.1209/0295-5075/19/6/002

L. Nicastro, G. Cusumano, and O. Löhmer, SAX observation of PSR B1937+21, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.569, issue.3, p.1065, 2004.
DOI : 10.1086/339351

S. M. Ransom, P. S. Ray, and F. Camilo, LAT UNASSOCIATED BRIGHT SOURCES, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.727, issue.1, pp.16-17, 2011.
DOI : 10.1088/2041-8205/727/1/L16

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00586142

A. Reimer, M. Pohl, and O. Reimer, Nonthermal High???Energy Emission from Colliding Winds of Massive Stars, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.644, issue.2, p.1118, 2006.
DOI : 10.1086/503598

R. W. Romani and I. Yadigaroglu, Gamma-ray pulsars: Emission zones and viewing geometries, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.438, p.314, 1995.
DOI : 10.1086/175076

URL : http://doi.org/10.1086/175076

A. H. Rots, K. Jahoda, and D. J. Macomb, Absolute Timing Results for the Pulsars B1821???24 and B1509???58, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.501, issue.2, p.749, 1998.
DOI : 10.1086/305836

S. Parkinson, P. M. Dormody, M. Ziegler, and M. , LAT DATA, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.725, issue.1, p.571, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/725/1/571

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00585160

D. A. Smith, L. Guillemot, and F. Camilo, gamma-ray space telescope, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.680, issue.3, p.923, 2008.
DOI : 10.1086/587024

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00339341

I. H. Stairs, S. E. Thorsett, and F. Camilo, Coherently Dedispersed Polarimetry of Millisecond Pulsars, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, vol.123, issue.2, p.627, 1999.
DOI : 10.1086/313245

B. W. Stappers, B. M. Gaensler, V. M. Kaspi, M. Van-der-klis, and . Lewin, An X-ray Nebula Associated with the Millisecond Pulsar B1957+20, Science, vol.299, issue.5611, p.1372, 2003.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1079841

M. H. Van-kerkwijk, R. P. Breton, and S. R. Kulkarni, EVIDENCE FOR A MASSIVE NEUTRON STAR FROM A RADIAL-VELOCITY STUDY OF THE COMPANION TO THE BLACK-WIDOW PULSAR PSR B1957+20, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.728, issue.2, p.95, 2011.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/95

C. Venter, A. K. Harding, and L. Guillemot, /LARGE AREA TELESCOPE, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.707, issue.1, p.800, 2009.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/707/1/800

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00475654

C. Venter, T. J. Johnson, and A. K. Harding, MODELING PHASE-ALIGNED GAMMA-RAY AND RADIO MILLISECOND PULSAR LIGHT CURVES, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.744, issue.1, p.34, 2012.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/744/1/34

URL : http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0004-637X/744/1/34/pdf

J. P. Verbiest, M. Bailes, and W. A. Coles, Timing stability of millisecond pulsars and prospects for gravitational-wave detection, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.400, issue.2, p.951, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15508.x

J. L. Voûte, M. L. Kouwenhoven, and P. C. Van-haren, PuMa, a digital Pulsar Machine, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.54, issue.2, p.733, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/23.846124

K. P. Watters, R. W. Romani, P. Weltevrede, and S. Johnston, AN ATLAS FOR INTERPRETING ??-RAY PULSAR LIGHT CURVES, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.695, issue.2, p.1289, 2009.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/695/2/1289

N. A. Webb, J. Olive, and D. Barret, XMM-Newton spectral and timing analysis of the faint millisecond pulsars PSR J0751+1807 and PSR J1012+5307, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.398, issue.1, p.269, 2004.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20021570

C. Zhu, R. H. Byrd, P. Lu, and J. Nocedal, Algorithm 778: L-BFGS-B: Fortran subroutines for large-scale bound-constrained optimization, ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software, vol.23, issue.4, p.550, 1997.
DOI : 10.1145/279232.279236