Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Wet to dry climatic trend in north-western Iberia within Heinrich events

Abstract : The direct sea-land correlation applied to core MD99-2331 retrieved from the north-western Iberian margin shows a two-phase pattern within Heinrich events 4, 2 and 1 in the ocean and in the adjacent landmasses. Changes between wet/cold and dry/cool conditions in the Iberian Peninsula detected during these extreme events cannot be explained by a simple oceanographic mechanism related to changes in the strength of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Here we propose an additional atmospheric mechanism able to produce this scenario based on the comparison between the MD99-2331 record and other available palaeoclimate sequences from the North Atlantic region (18-75°N and 0-75°W). The climatic asymmetry observed between mid- and subtropical eastern North Atlantic latitudes (wet/dry) and the Blake Outer Ridge (dry/wet) during H4, H2 and H1 can be explained by changes in the position of the Atlantic jet-stream. During the first phase of H4, H2 and H1 the Atlantic jet-stream was located further south following the southward displacement of the oceanic thermal front as far south as 35°-37°N. On the contrary, during the second phase of H4, H2 and H1 the jet-stream was located further north following the northward displacement of this thermal front as far north as 42°N. From the atmospheric point of view, these two phases are reminiscent of the present-day negative and positive prevailing modes of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), respectively, but high-resolution studies of additional North Atlantic key sites and climate simulations are needed to confirm the hypothesis of a NAO-like mechanism operating on millennial timescales.
Complete list of metadatas
Contributor : Christine Hadrossek <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 21, 2012 - 2:08:21 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 9:00:09 PM



F. Naughton, M. F. Sánchez Goñi, M. Kageyama, E. Bard, J. Duprat, et al.. Wet to dry climatic trend in north-western Iberia within Heinrich events. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2009, 284, pp.329-342. ⟨10.1016/J.EPSL.2009.05.001⟩. ⟨in2p3-00672534⟩



Record views